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生物质炭调控药用植物连作障碍的研究进展

高华 涂昊泽 赵钰湲 孔雯 夏文建 王飞儿 MuhammadShaaban 林杉

高华,涂昊泽,赵钰湲,等. 生物质炭调控药用植物连作障碍的研究进展 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(1):105−114 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2024.01.013
引用本文: 高华,涂昊泽,赵钰湲,等. 生物质炭调控药用植物连作障碍的研究进展 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(1):105−114 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2024.01.013
GAO H, TU H Z, ZHAO Y Y, et al. Research Progress on Biochar Application for Continuous Cropping of TCM Plants [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(1):105−114 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2024.01.013
Citation: GAO H, TU H Z, ZHAO Y Y, et al. Research Progress on Biochar Application for Continuous Cropping of TCM Plants [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(1):105−114 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2024.01.013

生物质炭调控药用植物连作障碍的研究进展

doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2024.01.013
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2021YFD1901202);云南省科技人才与平台计划(202205AF150004);湖北省重点研发计划项目(2021BCA156);湖北省烟草公司科技项目(027Y2022-022)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    高华(2000 —),女,硕士研究生,主要从事酸性土壤改良研究, E-mail:gaohua@webmail.hzau.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    林杉(1981 —),男,博士,副教授,主要从事酸性土壤改良研究, E-mail:linshan@mail.hzau.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: R28

Research Progress on Biochar Application for Continuous Cropping of TCM Plants

  • 摘要: 我国是中药材种植大国,但不合理的栽培方式和管理措施导致中药材连作障碍在种植区普遍存在,造成药材减产变质、道地产区转移、资源保护与利用不协调等,严重影响药用植物生长发育。因此对中药材连作土壤进行修复是解决中药材连作障碍的一个关键措施。生物质炭一般呈碱性,是一种良好的土壤改良剂,能够增加土壤养分、改良酸化土壤、提升植物品质,近年来得到广泛关注与应用,因此利用生物质炭作为调理剂来缓解中药材连作障碍具有一定潜力。本文针对我国中药材连作障碍的可能成因及潜在危害,分析生物质炭在解决药用植物连作造成的土壤理化性质改变、土壤微生物区系改变、化感自毒危害等问题上的作用,并对生物质炭在药用植物生产上的应用潜力进行展望。
  • 表  1  相同热解条件下不同生产原料所制备生物质炭的性质

    Table  1.   Properties of biochar made from different raw materials by same pyrolysis process

    原料
    Raw material
    热解温度
    Pyrolysis temperature/℃
    热解停留时间
    Pyrolysis time/h
    pH 阳离子交换量
    Cation exchange capacity/(cmol·kg−1
    灰分
    Ash/%
    文献来源
    Literature
    小麦秸秆 Wheat straw 350 1 10.05 35.11 17.00 [70]
    水稻秸秆 Rice straw 9.33 32.80 26.00
    玉米秸秆 Corn straw 9.41 58.17 20.00
    稻壳粉 Rice husk flour 450 9.07 73.17 26.26 [71]
    花生壳 Peanut shell 8.72 91.94 29.98
    牛粪 Cow dung 10.81 75.55 70.46
    椰渣 Coconut residue 9.86 76.69 15.86
    小麦秸秆 Wheat straw 10.08 33.60 28.00 [70]
    水稻秸秆 Rice straw 10.13 27.10 29.00
    玉米秸秆 Corn straw 9.92 43.33 23.00
    小麦秸秆 Wheat straw 550 10.24 27.16 18.00 [70]
    水稻秸秆 Rice straw 10.20 21.60 34.00
    玉米秸秆 Corn straw 10.04 32.13 24.00
    稻壳 Rice husk 0.5 8.1 51.2 [72]
    玉米秸秆 Corn straw 10.13 [73]
    水稻秸秆 Rice straw 500 3 10.30 28.46 [74]
    油菜秸秆 Rapeseed straw 8.14
    玉米秸秆 Corn straw 600 1 10.30 128.25 36.27 [75]
    紫茎泽兰 Eupatorium adenophorum 9.82 96.22 43.54
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-06-15
  • 录用日期:  2023-12-05
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-12
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-28

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