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加工型辣椒氮、磷、钾优化施肥模式研究

吴立东 刘亚婷 林淑婷 廖承树 钟金仙

吴立东,刘亚婷,林淑婷,等. 加工型辣椒氮、磷、钾优化施肥模式研究 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(X):1−10
引用本文: 吴立东,刘亚婷,林淑婷,等. 加工型辣椒氮、磷、钾优化施肥模式研究 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(X):1−10
WU L D, LIU Y T, LIN S T, et al. Research on optimized fertilization mode for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in processed peppers [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(X):1−10
Citation: WU L D, LIU Y T, LIN S T, et al. Research on optimized fertilization mode for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in processed peppers [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(X):1−10

加工型辣椒氮、磷、钾优化施肥模式研究

基金项目: 中央引导地方科技发展专项(2021L3043);福建省农业引导性项目(2023N0046);福建省三明市科技计划项目(2022-N-9)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴立东(1981 —),男,硕士,副研究员,主要从事蔬菜育种研究,E-mail:smnkswld@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S 641.3

Research on optimized fertilization mode for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in processed peppers

  • 摘要:   目的  研究氮、磷、钾不同施肥量配比对加工型辣椒产量和品质的影响,明确加工型辣椒高产、优质的氮、磷、钾适宜施用量配比,为加工型辣椒合理施肥提供依据。  方法  采用氮、磷、钾三因素二次饱和D-最优设计,以加工型辣椒品种明椒9号为供试材料,建立氮、磷、钾施肥量编码值与产量、加工品质的效应函数。  结果  氮、磷、钾肥对辣椒产量和加工品质的影响显著,均表现为钾肥>磷肥>氮肥,表明钾是影响辣椒产量和加工品质的重要因素。单因子效应分析表明,当氮、磷、钾肥的最高施肥量分别为151.10、59.28、306.78 kg·hm−2时,辣椒产量达到最高;当氮、磷、钾肥的最高施肥量分别为148.59、59.34、291.66 kg·hm−2时,辣椒加工品质达到最佳。互作效应中,氮磷、氮钾、磷钾互作对辣椒产量和加工品质影响显著,两者配施对辣椒产量和加工品质的提高具有较强的促进作用。模型寻优表明,辣椒产量超过29000 kg·hm−2,在95%置信区间,氮、磷、钾肥施用量分别为109.24~174.43 kg·hm−2、44.40~78.95 kg·hm−2、213.85~287.95 kg·hm−2;辣椒品质综合评分在80分以上,在95%置信区间,氮、磷、钾肥施用量分别为63.08~115.23 kg·hm−2、 42.26~72.50 kg·hm−2、211.23~292.23 kg·hm−2  结论  辣椒产量达29000 kg·hm−2、加工品质综合评分达80分以上的施肥方案为氮肥109.24~115.23 kg·hm−2,磷肥44.40~72.50 kg·hm−2,钾肥213.85~287.95kg·hm−2,适宜的氮、磷、钾肥施用量比例约为1~1.05: 0.41~0.6 : 1.96~2.64。
  • 图  1  各单因子对辣椒产量和加工品质的效应

    Figure  1.  The effects of various single factors on pepper yield and processing quality

    图  2  两因素互作效应分析

    Figure  2.  The analysis of two factor interactive effect on yield and polysaccharide

    表  1  辣椒各处理编码值及施用量

    Table  1.   Encoding values and application rates for different treatments of peppers

    处理
    Treatment
    X1(N)X2(P2O5X3(K2O)
    编码
    Code
    用量
    Dosage/(kg·hm−2
    编码
    Code
    用量
    Dosage/(kg·hm−2
    编码
    Code
    用量
    Dosage/(kg·hm−2
    1−10−10−10
    21250−10−10
    3−101150−10
    4−10−101350
    5−100.192589.440.1925208.69
    60.1925149.06−100.1925208.69
    70.1925149.060.192589.44−10
    8−0.291288.6011501350
    91250−0.291253.161350
    1012501150−0.2912124.04
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  各处理对辣椒产量和加工品质的影响

    Table  2.   The influence of various treatments on pepper yield and processing quality

    处理
    Treatment
    产量Yield/ (kg·hm−2二氢辣椒素Dihydrocapsaicin /(g·hg−1辣椒素Capsaicin /(g·hg−1辣椒素总量Total capsaicin/ (g·hg−1色价
    Color valence
    脂肪Fat /(g·hg−1含水量
    Water content/%
    综合评分
    Comprehensive score
    120123.50±820.470.19±0.010.22±0.020.45±0.023.77±0.096.15±0.1170.22±1.8639.75±0.61
    225902.30±1055.860.39±0.020.61±0.011.11±0.045.91±0.116.53±0.1575.51±1.9261.53±0.75
    321987.05±601.290.30±0.010.41±0.020.79±0.034.84±0.067.62±0.1572.48±1.9352.59±0.17
    427822.00±837.930.46±0.010.88±0.021.50±0.024.65±0.076.72±0.1173.66±1.8067.55±0.88
    529013.90±810.040.67±0.010.93±0.041.78±0.066.41±0.097.31±0.1173.26±1.7681.43±1.19
    629899.60±1067.010.73±0.011.19±0.022.13±0.046.09±0.107.54±0.1472.73±1.5489.35±0.93
    727110.70±883.390.52±0.020.74±0.021.40±0.036.41±0.107.26±0.1271.64±1.6771.91±0.60
    826808.10±1330.560.56±0.010.89±0.021.60±0.044.64±0.096.67±0.1574.34±1.8370.94±1.03
    930569.60±1119.880.80±0.021.30±0.042.34±0.057.17±0.146.88±0.2073.84±1.3096.34±1.44
    1023929.000±981.050.36±0.010.46±0.020.91±0.034.37±0.137.04±0.1873.25±1.7653.47±0.15
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  产量和加工品质方程偏回归系数检验

    Table  3.   Partial regression coefficient test for yield and processing quality equations

    参数
    Parameter
    偏回归系数
    Partial regression coefficient
    t
    t value
    显著性水平
    Significance
    方差膨胀因子
    VIF
    产量
    Yield
    加工品质
    Processing quality
    产量
    Yield
    加工品质
    Processing quality
    产量
    Yield
    加工品质
    Processing quality
    截距 Intercept30822.01793.48359.047199.9830.0000.000
    X1655.4403.6722.92718.3080.0080.0001.131
    X2−1265.803−6.386−5.652−31.8420.0000.0001.131
    X32215.37611.5889.89257.6780.0000.0001.131
    X12−1569.477−9.730−3.634−25.1570.0020.0001.121
    X22−3020.269−15.294−6.993−39.5420.0000.0001.121
    X32−1471.052−8.677−3.406−22.4330.0030.0001.121
    X1X2−1398.832−8.847−5.251−37.0830.0000.0001.186
    X1X3−835.1281.627−3.1356.8210.0050.0001.186
    X2X3−798.746−3.963−2.998−16.6090.0070.0001.186
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  辣椒产量超过29000 kg/hm2的因素取值频率分布

    Table  4.   Frequency distribution of the factors for yield over 29000 kg/hm2

    变量因子
    Variable factor
    X1X2X3
    次数
    Count
    频率
    Frequency
    次数
    Count
    频率
    Frequency
    次数
    Count
    频率
    Frequency
    编码值
    Code
    −130.1250.2000.00
    −0.291270.28100.4050.20
    0.192580.32100.4090.36
    170.2800.00110.44
    加权平均值 Weighted average0.1401−0.23950.4511
    标准差 Standard deviation0.64560.44000.5241
    95%置信区间 95% confidence interval−0.1261~0.3954−0.4080~0.05260.2220~0.6454
    施肥方案 Fertilization scheme/(kg·hm−2109.24~174.4344.40~78.95213.85~287.95
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  辣椒加工品质综合评分超过80分的因素取值频率分布

    Table  5.   Frequency distribution of factors with a comprehensive score of over 80 for pepper processing quality

    变量因子
    Variable factor
    X1X2X3
    次数
    Count
    频率
    Frequency
    次数
    Count
    频率
    Frequency
    次数
    Count
    频率
    Frequency
    编码值
    Code
    -130.1350.2200
    -0.291280.3580.3550.22
    0.192590.39100.4380.35
    130.1300100.43
    加权平均值 Weighted average0.30830.35650.3565
    标准差 Standard deviation0.48240.09720.1116
    95%置信区间 95% confidence interval-0.4954~-0.0782-0.4365~-0.03340.2070~0.6698
    施肥方案 Fertilization scheme/(kg·hm−263.08~115.2342.26~72.50211.23~292.23
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2024-01-23
  • 修回日期:  2024-02-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-05-08

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