• 中文核心期刊
  • CSCD来源期刊
  • 中国科技核心期刊
  • CA、CABI、ZR收录期刊

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

QuEChERS前处理结合GC-MS/MS法测定六类茶叶中15种农药残留过程中产生的基质效应研究

陈璐 李怀平 王顾希 唐祥凯 冯德建 魏雨婷

陈璐,李怀平,王顾希,等. QuEChERS前处理结合GC-MS/MS法测定六类茶叶中15种农药残留过程中产生的基质效应研究 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(X):1−10
引用本文: 陈璐,李怀平,王顾希,等. QuEChERS前处理结合GC-MS/MS法测定六类茶叶中15种农药残留过程中产生的基质效应研究 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(X):1−10
CHEN L, LI H - P, WANG G - X, et al. Study on matrix effects generated during the determination of 15 pesticide residues in six types of tea using QuEChERS pre-treatment combined with Gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(X):1−10
Citation: CHEN L, LI H - P, WANG G - X, et al. Study on matrix effects generated during the determination of 15 pesticide residues in six types of tea using QuEChERS pre-treatment combined with Gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(X):1−10

QuEChERS前处理结合GC-MS/MS法测定六类茶叶中15种农药残留过程中产生的基质效应研究

基金项目: 通讯作者:唐祥凯(1986 — ),男,硕士研究生,副研究员,主要从事食品质量安全研究,E-mail:460427982@qq.com基金项目:四川省重点研发项目(2020YFN0003、2020YFN0154);四川省自然科学基金项目(2022NSFSC1775)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈璐(1991 — ),女,工程师,主要从事食品质量安全研究,E-mail:165374435@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TS272

Study on matrix effects generated during the determination of 15 pesticide residues in six types of tea using QuEChERS pre-treatment combined with Gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

  • 摘要:   目的  对气相色谱-串联质谱法测定六类茶叶中15种农药残留过程中产生的基质效应进行分析,并就日常检测中常见批量样品同时处理时可采用的替代基质进行探讨。   方法  茶叶样品经QuEChERS前处理,配制质量浓度在0.01~032 mg·L−1范围内的溶剂标准曲线和基质标准曲线,经GC-MS/MS测定后计算基质效应。  结果  六类茶叶中15种农药检测过程中均产生增强基质效应,其中以增强强基质效应为主,基质效应区间范围1.35%~411.58%, 强中弱基质效应分别为73.33%、23.33%、3.33%。以红茶为替代基质测定15种农药时,主要以产生增强弱基质效应为主,整体区间范围为|0.62%|~|59.22%|,强中弱基质效应分别为1.33%、14.67%、84.00%;以混合茶叶为代表基质测定15种农药时,主要以产生抑制弱基质效应为主,整体区间范围为|0.09%|~|48.09%|,强中弱基质效应分别为0、13.33%、86.67%。  结论  茶叶样品基质复杂,在农残检测时使用基质标曲分析可降低基质效应,提高检测结果的准确度。使用混合茶叶样品作为替代基质配制基质标曲对茶叶农残进行定量分析时,可有效提高批量样品的分析效率。
  • 图  2  以红茶为代表基质矫正后五类茶叶中15种农药检测过程中产生的基质效应占比

    Figure  2.  The proportion of matrix effects generated during the detection process of 15 pesticides in 5 types of tea with the black tea used as a representative matrix

    图  3  以混合茶为代表基质矫正后六类茶叶中15种农药检测过程中产生的基质效应占比

    Figure  3.  The proportion of matrix effects generated during the detection process of 15 pesticides in 6 types of tea with the mix tea used as a representative matrix

    表  1  15种农药名称、CAS号、色谱及质谱参数及定量限

    Table  1.   Chemical abstract service(CAS) number,GC-MS/MS parameters and limit of quantitation of 15 pesticide residues

    序号
    No.
    目标物
    Compound
    CAS号
    CAS
    number
    保留时间
    Retention
    time/min
    母离子
    Precursor
    ions(m/z)
    子离子
    Product
    ions(m/z)
    碰撞能量
    Collision
    energy/eV
    定量限
    limit of quantitation/
    (mg·kg−1
    线性范围
    Linear range/
    (mg·kg−1
    1 敌敌畏 Dichlorvos 62-73-7 6.81 109.0 79.0* 5 0.05 0.01-0.32
    184.9 93.0 10
    2 甲拌磷 Phorate 298-02-2 14.17 260.0 75.0* 5 0.01 0.01-0.32
    230.9 128.9 25
    3 五氯硝基苯 Pentachloronitrobenzene 82-68-8 15.32 295.0 237.0* 20 0.05 0.01-0.32
    236.9 142.9 30
    4 毒死蜱 Chlorpyrifos 2921-88-2 19.73 196.9 169.0* 15 0.05 0.01-0.32
    198.9 171.0 15
    5 马拉硫磷 Malathion 121-75-5 20.39 126.9 99.0* 5 0.05 0.01-0.32
    172.9 99.0 15
    6 杀螟硫磷 Fenitrothion 122-14-5 20.42 277.0 260.0* 5 0.05 0.01-0.32
    277.0 109 20
    7 甲基异柳磷 Isofenphos-methy 99675-03-3 21.44 199.0 121.0* 10 0.01 0.01-0.32
    241.1 199.1 10
    8 水胺硫磷 Isocarbophos 24353-61-5 21.74 135.9 108.0* 15 0.05 0.01-0.32
    135.9 69.0 30
    9 腐霉利 Procymidone 32809-16-8 23.10 96.0 67.1* 10 0.05 0.01-0.32
    96.0 53.1 15
    10 杀扑磷 Methidathion 950-37-8 23.11 144.9 85.0* 5 0.05 0.01-0.32
    144.9 58.1 15
    11 联苯菊酯 Bifenthrin 82657-04-3 27.35 181.2 165.2* 25 0.05 0.01-0.32
    181.2 166.2 10
    12 甲氰菊酯 Fenpropathrin 39515-41-8 28.34 207.9 181.0* 5 0.05 0.01-0.32
    264.9 210.0 10
    13 氯菊酯 Permethrin 51877-74-8 29.97 183.1 168.1* 10 0.05 0.01-0.32
    183.1 153.0 15
    14 溴氰菊酯 Deltamethrin 52918-63-5 33.13 252.9 93.0* 15 0.05 0.01-0.32
    250.7 172.0 5
    15 苯醚甲环唑 Difenoconazole 119446-68-3 33.25 322.8 264.8* 15 0.05 0.01-0.32
    264.9 202.0 20
    注:*定量离子对。
    * the quantitative ion。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  六类茶叶中15种农药检测过程中产生的基质效应比较

    Table  2.   Comparison of matrix effects generated during the detection of 15 pesticide residues in 6 types of tea

    农药名称
    Pesticide name
    基质效应 ME/%
    绿茶
    Green tea
    红茶
    Black tea
    花茶
    Scented tea
    黑茶
    Dark tea
    白茶
    White tea
    乌龙茶
    Oolong
    绝对平均值
    Absolute mean/%
    敌敌畏 Dichlorvos 1.35 31.59 8.81 27.06 35.20 38.15 23.69
    甲拌磷 Phorate 6.13 43.31 23.75 72.32 56.16 60.19 43.64
    五氯硝基苯 Pentachloronitrobenzene 47.35 23.34 45.46 39.95 48.73 60.08 44.15
    毒死蜱 Chlorpyrifos 57.39 48.00 56.25 33.78 66.10 75.31 56.14
    马拉硫磷 Malathion 101.11 148.50 123.92 154.93 161.75 153.84 140.68
    杀螟硫磷 Fenitrothion 112.99 135.59 126.29 145.96 134.13 156.16 135.19
    甲基异柳磷 Isofenphos-methy 66.55 44.65 60.34 61.92 64.59 70.01 61.34
    水胺硫磷 Isocarbophos 108.10 140.04 115.11 152.66 158.59 178.60 142.18
    腐霉利 Procymidone 57.67 34.95 53.11 73.39 55.28 61.84 56.04
    杀扑磷 Methidathion 14.51 180.82 58.92 142.15 138.94 104.98 106.72
    联苯菊酯 Bifenthrin 39.66 30.69 40.75 50.40 48.68 50.76 43.49
    甲氰菊酯 Fenpropathrin 76.60 75.33 81.19 95.37 94.99 88.00 85.25
    氯菊酯 Permethrin 85.72 79.55 83.41 110.82 103.12 107.78 95.07
    溴氰菊酯 Deltamethrin 269.31 298.67 304.64 394.83 354.78 366.68 331.49
    苯醚甲环唑 Difenoconazole 211.21 391.51 279.99 411.58 344.98 381.49 336.79
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  以红茶为代表基质时五类茶叶中15种农药检测过程中产生的基质效应比较

    Table  3.   Comparison of matrix effects generated during the detection of 15 pesticides in 5 types of tea with the black tea used as a representative matrix

    农药名称
    Pesticide name
    基质效应 ME/%
    绿茶
    Green tea
    花茶
    Scented tea
    黑茶
    Dark tea
    白茶
    White tea
    乌龙茶
    Oolong
    绝对平均值
    Absolute mean
    敌敌畏 Dichlorvos −22.98 −17.31 −3.45 2.75 4.99 10.29
    甲拌磷 Phorate −25.95 −13.65 20.24 8.96 11.78 16.12
    五氯硝基苯 Pentachloronitrobenzene 19.47 17.93 13.46 20.58 29.79 20.25
    毒死蜱 Chlorpyrifos 6.34 5.58 −9.61 12.23 18.45 10.44
    马拉硫磷 Malathion −19.07 −9.89 2.59 5.33 2.15 7.81
    杀螟硫磷 Fenitrothion −9.59 −3.95 4.40 −0.62 8.73 5.46
    甲基异柳磷 Isofenphos-methy 15.14 10.84 11.93 13.78 17.53 13.85
    水胺硫磷 Isocarbophos −13.30 −10.39 5.26 7.73 16.07 10.55
    腐霉利 Procymidone 16.83 13.45 28.48 15.07 19.93 18.75
    杀扑磷 Methidathion −59.22 −43.41 −13.77 −14.91 −27.01 31.66
    联苯菊酯 Bifenthrin 6.87 7.70 15.09 13.76 15.36 11.75
    甲氰菊酯 Fenpropathrin 0.73 3.34 11.43 11.22 7.23 6.79
    氯菊酯 Permethrin 3.44 2.15 17.42 13.13 15.73 10.37
    溴氰菊酯 Deltamethrin −7.37 1.50 24.12 14.07 17.06 12.82
    苯醚甲环唑 Difenoconazole −36.68 −22.69 4.08 −9.47 −2.04 14.99
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  以混合茶为代表基质时六茶叶中15种农药检测过程中产生的基质效应比较

    Table  4.   Comparison of matrix effects generated during the detection of 15 pesticides in 6 types of tea with the mix tea used as a representative matrix

    农药名称
    Pesticide name
    基质效应 ME/%
    绿茶
    Green tea
    红茶
    Black tea
    花茶
    Scented tea
    黑茶
    Dark tea
    白茶
    White tea
    乌龙茶
    Oolong
    绝对平均值
    Absolute mean
    敌敌畏 Dichlorvos −26.54 −4.62 −21.14 −7.91 −2.00 0.13 10.39
    甲拌磷 Phorate −31.54 −7.56 −20.18 11.15 0.73 3.33 12.41
    五氯硝基苯 Pentachloronitrobenzene −4.26 −19.86 −5.49 −9.07 −3.37 4.01 7.68
    毒死蜱 Chlorpyrifos −6.62 −12.19 −7.30 −20.63 −1.45 4.01 8.70
    马拉硫磷 Malathion −18.27 0.98 −9.00 3.60 6.37 3.16 6.90
    杀螟硫磷 Fenitrothion −13.33 −4.13 −7.92 0.09 −4.73 4.24 5.74
    甲基异柳磷 Isofenphos-methy −1.50 −14.45 −5.17 −4.24 −2.66 0.54 4.76
    水胺硫磷 Isocarbophos −28.59 −17.63 −26.18 −13.29 −11.26 −4.39 16.89
    腐霉利 Procymidone −1.23 −15.46 −4.09 8.62 −2.73 1.39 5.59
    杀扑磷 Methidathion −48.09 27.31 −27.95 9.78 8.33 −7.07 21.42
    联苯菊酯 Bifenthrin −6.75 −12.74 −6.03 0.42 −0.73 0.66 4.55
    甲氰菊酯 Fenpropathrin −5.92 −6.60 −3.48 4.08 3.88 0.15 4.02
    氯菊酯 Permethrin −13.88 −16.75 −14.96 −2.25 −5.82 −3.65 9.55
    溴氰菊酯 Deltamethrin −22.58 −16.43 −15.17 3.73 −4.66 −2.17 10.79
    苯醚甲环唑 Difenoconazole −29.29 11.68 −13.66 16.24 1.11 9.40 13.56
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  添加水平为0.10 mg·kg−1时4种农药在两种定量方式下的平均回收率(n=6)

    Table  5.   Average recovery rates of 4 pesticides under two quantitative methods at an addition level of 0.10 mg·kg−1(n=6)

    茶叶种类
    Tea types
    标液类型
    Standard liquid type
    马拉硫磷
    Malathion
    水胺硫磷
    Isocarbophos
    溴氰菊酯
    Deltamethrin
    苯醚甲环唑
    Difenoconazole
    平均回收率
    Average
    recovery
    rate/%
    RSD/% 平均回收率
    Average
    recovery
    rate/%
    RSD/% 平均回收率
    Average
    recovery
    rate/%
    RSD/% 平均回收率
    Average
    recovery
    rate/%
    RSD/%
    绿茶
    Green tea
    绿茶基质标
    Green tea substrate
    114.99 3.18 114.84 2.14 112.75 2.16 109.71 2.14
    混合茶基质标
    Mixed tea substrate
    107.76 4.11 96.41 2.46 93.09 1.63 105.14 3.93
    花茶
    Scented tea
    花茶基质标
    Scented tea substrate
    90.47 3.46 101.03 1.57 85.54 4.95 89.7 2.46
    混合茶基质标
    Mixed tea substrate
    91.9 2.51 94.55 1.83 90.55 3.10 89.77 2.68
    红茶
    Black tea
    红茶基质标
    Black tea substrate
    76.57 3.10 104.14 4.71 87.78 3.33 79.19 4.31
    混合茶基质标
    Mixed tea substrate
    85.24 4.84 102.04 2.97 91.25 4.83 85.29 5.61
    黑茶
    Dark tea
    黑茶基质标
    Dark tea substrate
    84.03 2.56 106.34 3.79 80.54 2.96 96.53 1.83
    混合茶基质标
    Mixed tea substrate
    94.83 2.85 101.44 2.11 87.11 2.49 99.48 3.11
    白茶
    White tea
    白茶基质标
    White tea substrate
    78.88 3.62 98.74 3.82 107.18 5.10 85.81 4.34
    混合茶基质标
    Mixed tea substrate
    80.58 5.12 104.62 4.15 105.03 2.61 88.65 2.77
    乌龙茶
    Oolong
    乌龙茶基质标
    Oolong substrate
    86.46 3.94 107.9 3.21 80.18 2.27 75.81 3.27
    混合茶基质标
    Mixed tea substrate
    88.6 3.81 108.47 4.19 83.23 3.15 86.41 2.68
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 马佳丽, 王晨, 陈红平, 等. 注射器内分散固相萃取-超高效液相色谱-串联质谱法快速测定茶叶中24种农药残留 [J]. 茶叶科学, 2021, 41(5):717−730. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-369X.2021.05.011

    MA J L, WANG C, CHEN H P, et al. Rapid determination of 24 pesticide residues in tea by in-syringe dispersive solid phase extraction-ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Journal of Tea Science, 2021, 41(5): 717−730. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-369X.2021.05.011
    [2] 刘佳, 赵昌燕, 蔡滔, 等. 贵州省不同产区茶叶中7种农药的基质效应评价 [J]. 现代农药, 2023, 22(2):66−69,75.

    LIU J, ZHAO C Y, CAI T, et al. Matrix effect analysis of seven pesticide residues in tea from Guizhou Province [J]. Modern Agrochemicals, 2023, 22(2): 66−69,75. (in Chinese)
    [3] 陈廷春, 林思思, 罗贵文, 等. 不同蔬菜品种中基质效应对5种杀虫剂农药残留检测影响的对比试验 [J]. 农业科技通讯, 2020, (9):159−162. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6400.2020.09.052

    CHEN T C, LIN S S, LUO G W, et al. Comparative experiment on the influence of matrix effect on the detection of pesticide residues of five pesticides in different vegetable varieties [J]. Bulletin of Agricultural Science and Technology, 2020(9): 159−162. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6400.2020.09.052
    [4] 许炳雯, 孙程鹏, 葛祥武, 等. 气相色谱-串联质谱法测定30种果蔬中61种农药的基质效应及其克服方式 [J]. 食品安全质量检测学报, 2021, 12(15):6068−6076.

    XU B W, SUN C P, GE X W, et al. Matrix effects and their countermeasures of 61 kinds of pesticides in 30 kinds of fruits and vegetables by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Journal of Food Safety & Quality, 2021, 12(15): 6068−6076. (in Chinese)
    [5] 朱作为, 张文中, 陈沙, 等. 气相色谱-三重四极杆串联质谱法测定大米、韭菜、茶叶3种基质中51种农药残留的研究 [J]. 食品安全质量检测学报, 2018, 9(6):1297−1307. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0381.2018.06.012

    ZHU Z W, ZHANG W Z, CHEN S, et al. Determination of 51 kinds of pesticide residues in 3 kinds of substrates(rice, garlic chives and tea) by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Journal of Food Safety & Quality, 2018, 9(6): 1297−1307. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0381.2018.06.012
    [6] 刘继才, 林芳, 王建山, 等. QuEChERS-超高效液相色谱-串联质谱法测定桑叶中64种农药残留 [J]. 食品安全质量检测学报, 2021, 12(3):1048−1056.

    LIU J C, LIN F, WANG J S, et al. Determination of 64 kinds of pesticide residues in mulberry leaves by QuEChERS combined with ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Journal of Food Safety & Quality, 2021, 12(3): 1048−1056. (in Chinese)
    [7] 何冲, 孙亚南, 王彬, 等. 水果蔬菜中多种农药残留基质效应探讨 [J]. 食品工业, 2022, 43(12):104−106.

    HE C, SUN Y N, WANG B, et al. Research on matrix effects of mutiple pesticede residues in africultural products [J]. The Food Industry, 2022, 43(12): 104−106. (in Chinese)
    [8] 蔡振辉. QuEChERS结合GC-MS/MS检测食用菌中20种有机磷农药的基质效应 [J]. 亚热带农业研究, 2022, 18(2):136−141.

    CAI Z H. Matrix effect of 20 kinds of organophosphorus pesticides in edible fungi by GC-MS/MS combined with QuEChERS [J]. Subtropical Agriculture Research, 2022, 18(2): 136−141. (in Chinese)
    [9] 张圆圆, 刘磊, 李娜, 等. 农药残留检测中不同蔬菜的基质效应 [J]. 农药学学报, 2019, 21(3):327−337.

    ZHANG Y Y, LIU L, LI N, et al. Matrix effects in pesticide residue analysis in various vegetable samples [J]. Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science, 2019, 21(3): 327−337. (in Chinese)
    [10] 侯雪, 易盛国, 韩梅, 等. 串联质谱法检测洋葱中36种例行监测农药及其基质效应的探讨 [J]. 现代科学仪器, 2012, (4):115−118.

    HOU X, YI S G, HAN M, et al. Study on detection and matrix effects of 36 routine monitoring pesticides in onion by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Modern Scientific Instruments, 2012(4): 115−118. (in Chinese)
    [11] 靳雅楠, 魏昭, 贾红霞, 等. 农药残留检测中基质效应的研究 [J]. 食品安全导刊, 2022, (28):172−174. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-0270.2022.28.spaqdk202228057

    JIN Y N, WEI Z, JIA H X, et al. Study of matrix effects in pesticide residue detection [J]. China Food Safety Magazine, 2022(28): 172−174. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-0270.2022.28.spaqdk202228057
    [12] 梁宜品. 蔬菜农药残留检测基质效应消除方法 [J]. 现代农村科技, 2022, (8):92. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-5329.2022.08.062

    LIANG Y P. Elimination method of matrix effect in detection of pesticide residues in vegetables [J]. Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, 2022(8): 92. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-5329.2022.08.062
    [13] 鲍忠赞, 邓昭浦. 气相色谱法检测果蔬中30种有机磷类农药残留的基质效应 [J]. 湖北农业科学, 2019, 58(20):152−156.

    BAO Z Z, DENG Z P. Matrix effects on GC determination of 30 organophosphorus pesticides residues in fruits and vegetables [J]. Hubei Agricultural Sciences, 2019, 58(20): 152−156. (in Chinese)
    [14] 封利会, 王硕, 安阳, 等. 分散固相萃取-气相色谱串联质谱法测定花类代用茶中的48种农药残留 [J]. 食品科技, 2021, 46(5):265−271.

    FENG L H, WANG S, AN Y, et al. Determination of 48 pesticides in flower substitute tea by dispersive solid-phase extraction and GC-MS/MS [J]. Food Science and Technology, 2021, 46(5): 265−271. (in Chinese)
    [15] 黄松, 宋安华, 陈穗, 等. QuEChERS-气相色谱-串联质谱法测定油麦菜中农药多残留的基质效应 [J]. 食品安全质量检测学报, 2019, 10(12):3863−3868. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0381.2019.12.038

    HUANG S, SONG A H, CHEN S, et al. Determination of matrix effects of pesticide multi-residues in lettuces by QuEChERS-gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Journal of Food Safety & Quality, 2019, 10(12): 3863−3868. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-0381.2019.12.038
    [16] 许洋, 叶善蓉, 唐祥凯, 等. 分散固相萃取-气相色谱-串联质谱法同时测定稻谷中三种烯虫酯类保幼激素类似物残留 [J]. 中国测试, 2023, 49(1):57−62.

    XU Y, YE S R, TANG X K, et al. Simultaneous determination of three methoprene juvenile hormone analogues in paddy by dispersive solid-phase extraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry [J]. China Measurement & Test, 2023, 49(1): 57−62. (in Chinese)
    [17] 罗小娇, 魏新琦, 田翠, 等. 基于QuEChERS-气相色谱串联质谱法的43种农药残留基质效应研究 [J]. 现代农业科技, 2023, (7):85−87,90.

    LUO X J, WEI X Q, TIAN C, et al. Matrix effect of 43 pesticide residues based on QuEChERS-gas ChromatographyTandem mass spectrometry [J]. Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, 2023(7): 85−87,90. (in Chinese)
    [18] 易盛国, 侯雪, 韩梅, 等. 气相色谱-串联质谱法检测蔬菜农药残留基质效应与基质分类的研究 [J]. 西南农业学报, 2012, 25(2):537−543. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-4829.2012.02.038

    YI S G, HOU X, HAN M, et al. Study on matrix effects and matrix classification of pesticide residues in vegetable by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry [J]. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2012, 25(2): 537−543. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-4829.2012.02.038
    [19] 方海仙, 耿慧春, 梅文泉, 等. 气相色谱法测定农产品中农药残留的基质效应研究 [J]. 食品安全质量检测学报, 2018, 9(14):3770−3779.

    FANG H X, GENG H C, MEI W Q, et al. Study on matrix effect of determination of pesticide residues in agricultural products by gas chromatography [J]. Journal of Food Safety & Quality, 2018, 9(14): 3770−3779. (in Chinese)
    [20] 鲍忠赞. 气相色谱法探究果蔬中有机氯和拟除虫菊酯类农药残留的基质效应 [J]. 农药, 2018, 57(12):890−894.

    BAO Z Z. Matrix effects of organochlorine and pyrethroid pesticides in fruits and vegetables using gas chromatography [J]. Agrochemicals, 2018, 57(12): 890−894. (in Chinese)
  • 加载中
图(2) / 表(5)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  20
  • HTML全文浏览量:  15
  • PDF下载量:  1
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-12-19
  • 修回日期:  2024-04-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-07-10

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回