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葡萄枝条栽培鸡腿菇的研究

周书博 李鸣雷 齐伟 黄凯 郑长华 袁春龙

周书博,李鸣雷,齐伟,等. 葡萄枝条栽培鸡腿菇的研究 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(5):1−15
引用本文: 周书博,李鸣雷,齐伟,等. 葡萄枝条栽培鸡腿菇的研究 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(5):1−15
ZHOU S B, LI M L, QI W, et al. Cultivating Coprinus comatus Using Spent Grape Branches as Substrate [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(5):1−15
Citation: ZHOU S B, LI M L, QI W, et al. Cultivating Coprinus comatus Using Spent Grape Branches as Substrate [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(5):1−15

葡萄枝条栽培鸡腿菇的研究

基金项目: 宁夏回族自治区重大科研项目(2021BEF02016);国家重点研发计划项目(2021YFD1600401)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    周书博(1998 —),男,硕士,主要从事葡萄园副产物综合利用及食用菌栽培研究,E-mail:zhoushubo@nwafu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    袁春龙,(1969 —),男,博士,博士生导师,教授,主要从事葡萄酒化学和葡萄园副产物综合利用等研究工作,E-mail:yuanchl69@nwsuaf.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S 646.9

Cultivating Coprinus comatus Using Spent Grape Branches as Substrate

  • 摘要:   目的  为解决贺兰山东麓地区废弃葡萄枝条资源化、无害化处理,缓解食用菌原材料不足问题。  方法  试验引进7个鸡腿菇菌株,利用贺兰山东麓葡萄枝条作为主要栽培原料代替传统栽培基质设计6个栽培配方,将菌株与配方排列组合共42个处理,探究鸡腿菇在含有葡萄枝条栽培基质中的生物学效率、粗多糖等营养成分、氨基酸风味成分和重金属安全性,利用灰色关联度分析得出适宜的栽培配方。  结果  试验表明,42个处理中,16个含有葡萄枝条栽培基质的处理生物学效率超过100%,其中CM6处理(菌株CC900,含有20%葡萄枝条的栽培基质)生物学效率最好,粗多糖含量显著高于对照(不含有葡萄枝条基质的处理);灰分含量与生物学效率联系密切,生物学效率较高则灰分较高。利用葡萄枝条栽培鸡腿菇不会影响其产量、商品外观和风味,符合国家食品安全标准。CM6、DM4、CM3是综合表现较好的栽培方案。  结论  葡萄枝条不仅可代替部分传统原料栽培鸡腿菇,且在一定程度上提高了鸡腿菇产量和营养成分,降低了生产成本,是鸡腿菇良好的栽培原料。
  • 图  1  各菌株生物学效率

    不同小写字母表示处理间存在显著性差异。下同。

    Figure  1.  Bio-efficiency of C. comatus strains

    Data with different lowercase letters indicate significant differences between treatments. The same below.

    图  2  部分菌株子实体灰分含量

    Figure  2.  Ash content in fruiting bodies of some C. comatus strains

    图  3  部分菌株子实体粗多糖含量

    Figure  3.  Polysaccharide content in fruiting bodies of some C. comatus strains

    图  4  部分菌株子实体粗蛋白含量

    Figure  4.  Crude protein content in fruiting bodies of some C. comatus strains

    图  5  部分菌株子实体粗纤维含量

    Figure  5.  Coarse fiber content in fruiting bodies of some strain

    表  1  供试菌株

    Table  1.   Test mushroom strains

    编号
    Number
    菌株名称
    Strain
    来源
    Source
    M1 毛头鬼伞 西北农林科技大学生命科学学院
    M2 鸡腿菇 杨凌鹏程生物技术研究所
    M3 白鸡腿 陕西微生物研究所
    M4 CC155 贵州习水县食用菌研究所
    M5 特白33 贵州习水县食用菌研究所
    M6 CC900 江都天达食用菌研究所
    M7 9201 江都天达食用菌研究所
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  栽培配方

    Table  2.   Substrate formula

    编号
    Number
    葡萄枝条
    Grape
    branch/%
    棉籽壳
    Cottonseed
    hull/%
    麦麸
    Wheat
    bran/%
    玉米芯
    Corncob/
    %
    石灰
    Lime/
    %
    石膏
    Gypsum/
    %
    A
    (CK)
    0 58 20 20 1 1
    B 10 48 20 20 1 1
    C 20 38 20 20 1 1
    D 30 28 20 20 1 1
    E 40 18 20 20 1 1
    F 50 8 20 20 1 1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  栽培方案

    Table  3.   Cultivation plan

    M1M2M3M4M5M6M7
    AAM1AM2AM3AM4AM5AM6AM7
    BBM1BM2BM3BM4BM5BM6BM7
    CCM1CM2CM3CM4CM5CM6CM7
    DDM1DM2DM3DM4DM5DM6DM7
    EEM1EM2EM3EM4EM5EM6EM7
    FFM1FM2FM3FM4FM5FM6FM7
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  生物学效率大于100%处理

    Table  4.   Treatments with greater than 100%

    处理
    Treatment
    生物学效率
    Biological efficiency/%
    处理
    Treatment
    生物学效率
    Biological efficiency/%
    AM6 142.39±9.50 AM4 119.70±17.58
    CM6 135.82±11.84 EM3 116.82±4.31
    DM4 130.68±1.96 AM7 113.45±6.40
    CM3 130.35±4.97 EM6 112.09±4.81
    CM5 127.27±11.89 BM5 111.64±12.08
    AM3 125.24±4.64 FM3 111.54±3.31
    CM4 123.26±1.67 BM3 104.07±5.39
    DM3 122.48±6.10 EM5 103.56±5.41
    BM4 122.20±0.97 DM7 101.25±4.34
    BM6 119.86±15.62 FM7 100.35±4.20
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  鸡腿菇子实体形态特征

    Table  5.   Morphology of C. comatus fruiting bodies

    菌株
    Strain
    处理
    Treatment
    单菇质量
    Weight of single mushroom/g
    菌柄长度
    Stipe length/cm
    菌柄直径
    Stipe diameter/cm
    菌盖高度
    Pileus height/cm
    菌盖直径
    Pileus diameter/cm
    M1 AM1 28.74±9.52b 4.69±1.01b 1.39±0.22ab 4.43±0.56b 2.93±0.28ab
    BM1 39.45±11.39ab 6.12±0.70a 1.47±0.18ab 5.45±0.56a 3.23±0.34a
    CM1 46.77±8.56a 5.27±1.09ab 1.55±0.20a 5.83±0.84a 3.30±0.42a
    DM1 34.60±12.83b 4.18±1.55b 1.46±0.35ab 5.34±0.47a 3.28±0.18a
    EM1 28.23±3.92b 4.88±0.34ab 1.17±0.20b 5.60±0.40a 2.80±0.32b
    FM1 32.99±6.95b 4.63±1.30b 1.44±0.29ab 4.40±0.89b 2.96±0.29ab
    M2 AM2 34.82±5.504b 4.34±0.49a 1.22±0.08c 5.14±0.18a 3.08±0.55b
    BM2 46.43±12.40ab 4.48±0.64a 1.65±0.32b 5.88±1.02a 3.28±0.38ab
    CM2 39.45±13.52b 4.27±1.22a 1.68±0.44b 5.20±0.82a 3.23±0.45ab
    DM2 52.73±21.00ab 5.31±1.65a 1.66±0.39b 5.70±0.99a 3.70±0.75ab
    EM2 61.23±17.14a 3.73±1.01a 2.22±0.39a 5.73±1.62a 3.77±0.33a
    FM2 46.80±10.25ab 4.82±1.44a 1.50±0.22bc 6.20±0.81a 3.32±0.37ab
    M3 AM3 28.63±7.71ab 4.00±0.82b 1.16±0.22ab 5.66±0.85a 3.04±0.34a
    BM3 30.69±6.19a 2.40±0.62c 1.31±0.25a 6.00±0.86a 3.14±0.33a
    CM3 31.06±9.14a 6.57±1.79a 1.26±0.28a 5.95±0.75a 3.34±0.43a
    DM3 22.38±5.45b 5.92±1.11a 1.00±0.16b 5.49±0.79ab 3.31±0.17a
    EM3 31.95±9.51a 3.74±0.62b 1.22±0.26ab 5.37±0.82ab 3.05±0.45a
    FM3 28.16±6.06ab 3.20±0.70bc 1.33±0.41a 4.84±0.78b 2.66±0.16b
    M4 AM4 32.80±14.82a 4.67±1.52bc 1.24±0.38ab 5.83±1.02a 3.09±0.50a
    BM4 34.29±7.11a 4.63±0.93bc 1.34±0.14a 5.29±0.63a 3.09±0.46a
    CM4 29.44±6.68a 7.08±1.29a 1.27±0.33ab 5.90±0.75a 3.35±0.20a
    DM4 29.72±10.68a 6.35±1.33a 1.07±0.21b 5.99±0.81a 3.20±0.67a
    EM4 27.56±12.68a 4.91±0.87b 1.02±0.19b 5.56±1.20a 3.25±0.50a
    FM4 28.41±9.80a 3.59±0.69c 1.04±0.28b 5.44±0.90a 3.10±0.41a
    M5 AM5 28.69±6.46ab 5.17±0.96ab 1.01±0.13ab 5.60±0.59a 3.41±0.32a
    BM5 32.94±9.59ab 4.39±0.86ab 1.20±0.23a 5.27±0.56a 3.27±0.53a
    CM5 25.61±4.99b 5.89±1.04a 1.06±0.18ab 5.49±0.71a 3.11±0.20a
    DM5 28.54±9.41ab 5.20±2.43ab 1.15±0.29ab 5.49±0.76a 3.05±0.39a
    EM5 24.75±11.59b 5.58±1.49a 0.96±0.20b 5.44±1.24a 3.22±0.48a
    FM5 35.94±12.71a 3.64±0.75b 1.17±0.28ab 5.74±0.94a 3.01±0.42a
    M6 AM6 27.13±5.96b 4.30±0.91a 1.17±0.32c 5.72±0.40a 3.22±0.50a
    BM6 37.93±11.01a 4.70±1.13a 1.50±0.21bc 6.02±1.05a 3.35±0.29a
    CM6 33.43±7.34ab 4.01±0.82ab 1.36±0.40bc 5.77±0.62a 3.11±0.20a
    DM6 42.27±10.18a 3.01±0.68b 1.61±0.35b 5.51±0.90a 3.01±0.42a
    EM6 39.49±9.12a 3.96±0.94ab 1.21±0.15c 6.06±0.72a 3.21±0.35a
    FM6 40.41±9.08a 3.27±0.51b 2.11±0.36a 5.67±1.10a 3.14±0.44a
    M7 AM7 31.01±6.51a 3.44±0.82a 1.29±0.35ab 5.29±0.33a 3.06±0.25a
    BM7 39.47±14.36a 3.78±0.62a 1.13±0.20ab 6.38±1.28a 3.25±0.49a
    CM7 39.21±18.85a 3.83±0.66a 1.41±0.33ab 5.76±1.28a 3.26±0.73a
    DM7 27.76±6.66a 4.37±1.15a 1.04±0.13b 5.97±1.00a 3.06±0.37a
    EM7 35.84±7.33a 3.53±1.35a 1.49±0.53a 5.46±0.65a 3.03±0.32a
    FM7 33.10±9.32a 3.77±0.87a 1.27±0.24ab 6.13±0.51a 3.09±0.28a
    表中数值为平均值±标准差,不同小写字母表示同列同项目处理间存在显著性差异。
    Data are presented as mean±standard deviation; those with different lowercase letters on same column indicate significant differences between treatments.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  鸡腿菇子实体氨基酸含量

    Table  6.   Amino Acid Content of Coprinus comatus Fruit Body (单位:mg·g−1

    组合
    Test
    group
    天冬氨酸
    Asp
    苏氨酸
    Thr
    丝氨酸
    Ser
    谷氨酸
    Glu
    甘氨酸
    Gly
    丙氨酸
    Ala
    胱氨酸
    Cys
    缬氨酸
    Val
    甲硫氨酸
    Met
    异亮氨酸
    Ile
    亮氨酸
    Leu
    酪氨酸
    Tyr
    苯丙氨酸
    Phe
    组氨酸
    His
    赖氨酸
    Lys
    精氨酸
    Arg
    脯氨酸
    Pro
    AM3 18.67±0.13 10.63±0.13 10.02±0.12 29.59±0.15 7.93±0.14 9.18±0.08 5.38±0.05 9.25±0.04 9.90±0.05 15.17±0.12 13.56±0.09 25.51±0.15 13.42±0.09 6.86±0.05 12.69±0.05 7.52±0.06 9.58±0.06
    BM3 16.72±0.11 9.61±0.12 9.23±0.11 27.6±0.16 6.37±0.17 8.38±0.05 7.23±0.05 8.41±0.03 7.65±0.06 12.18±0.13 11.01±0.09 23.26±0.17 12.42±0.06 5.09±0.03 10.72±0.09 7.52±0.07 9.64±0.06
    CM3 19.22±0.16 10.01±0.13 9.82±0.12 30.70±0.22 7.33±0.17 9.06±0.08 6.86±0.04 9.10±0.05 8.65±0.01 13.68±0.12 13.52±0.08 31.93±0.09 12.66±0.09 7.47±0.07 12.39±0.07 8.98±0.07 10.00±0.05
    DM3 19.74±0.20 10.35±0.14 11.03±0.11 29.77±0.21 7.35±0.12 8.96±0.04 7.69±0.05 9.68±0.04 8.39±0.06 13.18±0.13 14.31±0.05 29.79±0.16 15.68±0.12 7.10±0.05 13.19±0.08 8.71±0.04 11.73±0.09
    EM3 19.33±0.12 11.13±0.12 10.36±0.10 30.73±0.22 7.65±0.19 9.52±0.06 4.96±0.03 10.17±0.09 8.45±0.06 15.24±0.05 12.42±0.05 29.58±0.15 11.8±0.10 7.38±2.17 13.15±0.11 8.63±0.08 8.65±0.05
    FM3 19.41±0.15 10.17±0.12 10.66±0.12 30.92±0.10 7.72±0.08 10.59±0.05 4.95±0.04 9.94±0.06 9.17±0.06 13.62±0.14 13.22±0.05 31.07±0.16 12.46±0.10 6.72±0.08 13.87±0.11 9.22±0.06 9.58±0.06
    AM4 17.83±0.13 10.24±0.13 10.14±0.11 26.72±0.16 7.30±0.06 9.57±0.05 5.26±0.04 9.32±0.06 8.48±0.08 14.66±0.10 12.87±0.09 26.43±0.11 11.68±0.06 5.17±0.05 12.38±0.05 7.58±0.09 9.87±0.02
    CM4 18.14±0.16 10.61±0.13 10.29±0.08 28.59±0.17 7.17±0.05 9.64±0.03 5.57±0.05 9.13±0.06 8.56±0.05 13.56±0.12 12.00±0.10 22.67±0.17 10.62±0.06 6.05±0.06 11.89±0.09 7.41±0.05 9.97±0.06
    DM4 17.95±0.1 7.97±0.12 8.05±0.12 32.41±0.16 8.27±0.08 10.39±0.05 5.25±0.04 9.90±0.04 8.53±0.06 14.45±0.1 12.63±0.08 28.93±0.07 12.30±0.06 5.25±0.04 11.99±0.11 8.59±0.05 9.64±0.06
    AM5 16.02±0.13 8.71±0.16 8.96±0.15 25.84±0.16 6.46±0.06 9.21±0.08 5.24±0.05 8.31±0.06 9.31±0.06 15.77±0.12 11.47±0.09 25.02±0.13 10.37±0.08 4.87±0.07 10.63±0.09 6.84±0.07 10.66±0.06
    BM5 16.74±0.11 9.40±0.15 9.85±0.15 25.76±0.16 6.87±0.06 9.52±0.06 4.80±0.04 7.91±0.04 8.50±0.08 14.53±0.11 11.76±0.06 21.73±0.13 9.69±0.05 5.60±0.11 10.99±0.06 6.87±0.06 10.65±0.08
    CM5 16.53±0.17 9.70±0.13 9.82±0.10 28.13±0.24 6.70±0.05 9.03±0.09 5.31±0.04 9.29±0.05 9.54±0.04 14.41±0.12 11.86±0.09 24.82±0.16 12.50±0.08 5.18±0.06 12.22±0.06 7.39±0.04 10.82±0.05
    AM6 18.22±0.14 9.89±0.13 9.83±0.18 26.59±0.17 7.09±0.05 9.39±0.10 5.60±0.03 9.43±0.05 7.65±0.04 14.24±0.13 11.41±0.06 23.84±0.12 11.33±0.09 5.70±0.08 11.85±0.06 7.08±0.06 12.30±0.06
    BM6 16.86±0.13 9.68±0.13 8.53±0.13 24.97±0.13 6.54±0.06 8.26±0.06 5.49±0.04 8.04±0.06 8.93±0.06 14.88±0.12 10.47±0.08 16.04±0.15 11.70±0.08 4.87±0.07 10.30±0.08 6.06±0.09 12.14±0.76
    CM6 15.21±0.06 9.00±0.13 8.32±0.11 24.96±0.17 6.62±0.05 8.71±0.04 4.83±0.05 8.17±0.06 9.14±0.06 14.58±0.12 10.62±0.07 19.68±0.07 11.30±0.06 5.00±0.04 10.33±0.06 6.93±0.09 10.89±0.04
    AM7 16.27±0.16 8.65±0.12 8.45±0.09 27.20±0.17 6.39±0.04 8.95±0.04 5.16±0.04 8.11±0.05 8.71±0.07 13.74±0.12 10.32±0.06 25.56±0.16 10.76±0.09 4.40±0.04 10.08±0.08 6.32±0.05 8.91±0.04
    DM7 18.86±0.15 9.67±0.13 10.43±0.13 32.64±0.18 7.49±0.05 10.41±0.05 4.70±0.04 9.00±0.04 8.41±0.06 15.23±0.12 12.05±0.06 30.73±0.13 11.59±0.04 5.87±0.05 12.12±0.04 9.46±0.03 10.48±0.04
    FM7 18.24±0.16 9.77±0.12 9.91±0.11 29.06±0.12 7.20±0.06 9.43±0.04 5.36±0.04 8.84±0.06 9.40±0.08 15.69±0.13 11.53±0.06 24.03±0.16 14.21±0.09 5.09±0.05 12.10±0.08 7.92±0.05 9.13±0.07
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  氨基酸归类统计Table 7 Classification statistics of amino acids (单位:mg·g−1

    组合
    Test group
    氨基酸总量
    TAA
    人体必需氨基酸
    EAA
    鲜味氨基酸
    UAA
    甜味氨基酸
    SAA
    苦味氨基酸
    BAA
    芳香族氨基酸
    AAA
    鲜甜味/苦味
    (UAA+SAA)/BAA
    AM3 214.88±1.56c 84.62±0.56a 60.95±0.33c 54.21±0.58a 55.40±0.35a 44.31±0.30e 2.08
    BM3 193.03±1.58d 71.99±0.58d 55.05±0.36d 48.31±0.56b 46.76±0.38d 42.91±0.28f 2.21
    CM3 221.40±1.63ab 80.02±0.55c 62.31±0.45b 53.70±0.62a 53.94±0.33c 51.45±0.23b 2.15
    DM3 226.64±1.70a 84.77±0.63a 62.70±0.49b 56.51±0.55a 54.27±0.33bc 53.16±0.33a 2.20
    EM3 219.15±3.76bc 82.36±0.58b 63.22±0.45ab 54.68±2.69a 54.91±0.33ab 46.34±0.28d 2.15
    FM3 223.28±1.53ab 82.44±0.62b 64.20±0.36a 55.44±0.51a 55.16±0.36a 48.48±0.30c 2.17
    AM4 205.49±1.40b 79.63±0.57a 56.92±0.35c 52.29±0.42b 52.91±0.42a 43.37±0.21b 2.06
    CM4 201.87±1.50b 76.36±0.62b 58.62±0.42b 53.73±0.41a 50.66±0.39b 38.86±0.28c 2.22
    DM4 212.49±1.34a 77.76±0.57b 62.35±0.37a 49.57±0.47c 54.10±0.33a 46.48±0.17a 2.07
    AM5 193.67±1.61b 74.56±0.65b 52.48±0.38b 48.86±0.58b 51.70±0.39a 40.63±0.26b 1.96
    BM5 191.17±1.52b 72.79±0.56b 53.48±0.34b 51.89±0.61a 49.57±0.35b 36.22±0.23c 2.13
    CM5 203.25±1.57a 79.53±0.57a 56.88±0.47a 51.24±0.48a 52.50±0.34a 42.63±0.28a 2.06
    AM6 201.42±1.56a 75.79±0.56a 56.66±0.37a 54.20±0.61a 49.80±0.34a 40.76±0.24a 2.23
    BM6 183.75±2.21b 74.01±0.60ab 52.13±0.35b 50.02±1.20b 48.38±0.40b 33.23±0.27c 2.11
    CM6 184.29±1.27b 73.13±0.56b 50.50±0.29c 48.54±0.40b 49.44±0.40ab 35.81±0.18b 2.00
    AM7 187.97±1.41c 70.37±0.59c 53.56±0.40c 45.71±0.38c 47.19±0.34b 41.48±0.29c 2.10
    DM7 219.13±1.32a 78.07±0.48b 63.61±0.36a 54.35±0.45a 54.15±0.30a 47.02±0.22a 2.18
    FM7 206.93±1.49b 81.55±0.63a 59.41±0.36b 50.54±0.44b 53.38±0.39a 43.60±0.29b 2.06
    鲜味氨基酸:Glu+Asp+Lys;甜味氨基酸:Thr+Gly+His+Ala+Pro+Ser;苦味氨基酸:Met+Arg+Val+Leu+Cys;芳香族氨基酸:Phe+Tyr+Cys;必需氨基酸含量:Thr+Val+Met+Ile+Leu+Phe+Lys; DAA: Asp+GluFresh amino acids: Glu+Asp+Lys; Sweet amino acids: Thr+Gly+His+Ala+Pro+Ser; Bitter amino acids: Met+Arg+Val+Leu+Cys; Aromatic amino acids: Phe+Tyr+Cys; Essential amino acid: Thr+Val+Met+Ile+Leu+Phe+Lys; DAA: Asp+Glu.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  鸡腿菇子实体矿物质元素含量

    Table  8.   Mineral Element Content of Coprinus comatus Fruit Body (单位:mg·g−1

    菌株
    Strain
    处理
    Treatment

    Ca

    Fe

    Cu

    Zn
    M3AM3923.19±4.19bc322.71±1.78b38.59±2.85a51.27±5.16a
    BM3848.95±63.68d315.36±8.72bc38.62±2.25a44.26±2.05a
    CM3968.79±50.54b336.22±11.65bc39.74±0.96a55.02±5.60a
    DM31076.54±46.31a351.41±9.17a41.85±3.65a47.58±2.80a
    EM3926.10±24.64bc296.85±14.42c43.25±0.39a53.39±6.80a
    FM3778.22±4.16d215.22±21.78d42.51±4.52a49.86±6.88a
    M4AM4862.74±21.06a346.90±31.84a44.83±3.54a49.18±0.15a
    CM4605.49±53.27b230.27±9.59b33.68±3.05b44.46±1.24ab
    DM4650.58±41.21b321.93±7.54a34.55±3.34b46.21±2.36b
    M5AM5646.14±57.34b212.39±0.86b27.69±2.68b39.33±3.17a
    BM5656.44±69.03b260.61±18.68b26.85±4.79b45.19±4.58a
    CM51161.52±70.61a356.42±36.50a38.07±3.85a49.30±6.40a
    M6AM61290.49±86.86a467.77±48.45a34.29±3.45a47.68±3.78a
    BM6725.10±50.79b320.24±2.86b33.81±0.34a43.51±2.56a
    CM6714.66±11.32b246.73±13.90b37.45±0.40a43.91±0.78a
    M7AM7890.92±1.20b339.52±28.29a31.94±3.11a52.23±5.37a
    DM7641.00±30.48c201.40±18.89b38.42±1.65a46.19±2.86a
    FM71332.25±51.45a386.15±27.87a37.62±0.85a42.70±3.75a
    表中数值为平均值±标准差,不同小写字母表示同列同项目处理间存在显著性差异。
    The values in the table are mean ± standard deviation, and different lowercase letters indicate significant differences between treatments in the same column and item.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  9  鸡腿菇子实体重金属含量

    Table  9.   Heavy Metal Content of Coprinus comatus Fruit Body (单位:mg·g−1

    菌株
    Strains
    处理
    Treatment

    Cd

    Pb

    As

    Hg
    M3 AM3 0.07±0.01d 0.39±0.00b 0.26±0.00d <0.001
    BM3 0.06±0.00f 0.30±0.00e 0.33±0.00a <0.001
    CM3 0.05±0.00f 0.36±0.00d 0.27±0.00d <0.001
    DM3 0.09±0.00b 0.37±0.00c 0.32±0.00b <0.001
    EM3 0.08±0.00c 0.30±0.00e 0.27±0.00c <0.001
    FM3 0.12±0.00a 0.49±0.01a 0.24±0.00e <0.001
    M4 AM4 0.05±0.00b 0.38±0.01a 0.24±0.00b <0.001
    CM4 0.07±0.00a 0.35±0.00b 0.23±0.01b <0.001
    DM4 0.07±0.01a 0.35±0.00b 0.28±0.00a <0.001
    M5 AM5 0.08±0.00a 0.35±0.00a 0.28±0.00a <0.001
    BM5 0.07±0.00b 0.33±0.00b 0.26±0.00b <0.001
    CM5 0.07±0.00b 0.36±0.00a 0.26±0.00b <0.001
    M6 AM6 0.06±0.00a 0.35±0.00a 0.25±0.00a <0.001
    BM6 0.05±0.00b 0.27±0.00c 0.18±0.04b <0.001
    CM6 0.07±0.00a 0.29±0.00b 0.24±0.00a <0.001
    M7 AM7 0.09±0.01a 0.37±0.00c 0.24±0.00c <0.001
    DM7 0.08±0.00b 0.38±0.00b 0.25±0.00b <0.001
    FM7 0.06±0.01c 0.53±0.01a 0.27±0.00a <0.001
    表中数值为平均值±标准差,不同小写字母表示同列同项目处理间存在显著性差异。
    The values in the table are mean ± standard deviation, and different lowercase letters indicate significant differences between treatments in the same column and item.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  10  灰色关联度综合评价系数

    Table  10.   Comprehensive Evaluation Coefficient of Grey Correlation Degree

    处理
    Treatment
    综合评价系数
    Comprehensive
    evaluation
    coefficient
    处理
    Treatment
    综合评价系数
    Comprehensive
    evaluation
    coefficient
    AM6 88.68 CM4 56.25
    CM6 73.00 BM6 53.68
    DM4 67.56 FM3 52.26
    CM3 67.06 AM7 48.34
    CM5 63.89 BM5 47.20
    AM3 60.38 DM7 45.05
    DM3 60.33 BM3 44.45
    AM4 56.97 FM7 44.28
    EM3 56.76 AM5 38.06
    下载: 导出CSV
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    QIU H L, LI L H, CHEN Z Y, et al. Comparison of agronomic characters and correlation analysis on 16 strains of Coprinus comatus [J]. Edible Fungi of China, 2010, 29(1): 31−34. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-8310.2010.01.009
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  • 收稿日期:  2024-03-05
  • 修回日期:  2024-04-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-06-26

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