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不同紫云英品种根瘤中内生细菌的类群和多样性分析

方宇 刘彩玲 林陈强 陈济琛 贾宪波

方宇,刘彩玲,林陈强,等. 不同紫云英品种根瘤中内生细菌的类群和多样性分析 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(X):1−8
引用本文: 方宇,刘彩玲,林陈强,等. 不同紫云英品种根瘤中内生细菌的类群和多样性分析 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(X):1−8
FANG Y, LIU C L, LIN C Q, et al. Diversity of Endophytic Bacteria in Root Nodules of Different Cultivars of Astragalus Sinicus L [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(X):1−8
Citation: FANG Y, LIU C L, LIN C Q, et al. Diversity of Endophytic Bacteria in Root Nodules of Different Cultivars of Astragalus Sinicus L [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(X):1−8

不同紫云英品种根瘤中内生细菌的类群和多样性分析

基金项目: 福建省科技计划公益类专项(2022R1025006);福建省自然科学基金项目(2023J01360);福建省农业科学院科技创新团队建设项目(CXTD2021002-3);福建省农业科学院农业高质量发展超越“5511”协同创新工程项目(XTCXGC2021009);福建省农业科学院科技创新平台专项(CXPT2023007);现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(绿肥,CARS-22)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    方宇(1979 —),女,博士,副研究员,主要从事农业微生物研究,E-mail:fangyu1106@163.com

    通讯作者:

    贾宪波 (1986 —),男,博士,副研究员,主要从事农业微生物研究,E-mail: xbj2011@163.com

  • 中图分类号: Q 939.96

Diversity of Endophytic Bacteria in Root Nodules of Different Cultivars of Astragalus Sinicus L

  • 摘要:   目的  阐释紫云英根瘤内生菌的群落结构,为研发根瘤菌菌剂及了解固氮机制提供依据。  方法  以福建省种植的不同紫云英品种的根瘤为材料,借助Illumina Miseq PE300测序平台,以16S rRNA基因为靶标,研究不同紫云英品种的根瘤内生细菌的多样性。  结果  不同品种会影响紫云英根瘤内生细菌的类群和多样性。浙紫5号(ZZ5)的优势属为假单胞菌属Pseudomonas,其余品种根瘤内生细菌的优势属均为中慢生根瘤菌属Mesorhizobium。闽紫8号(MZ8)、信阳(XY)和浙紫5号的根瘤内生细菌的多样性指数(Shannon)较高,除了共生固氮的中慢生根瘤菌外,还包括丰富的非根瘤菌,如假单胞菌属、寡养单胞菌属Stenotrophomonas、杜擀氏菌属Duganella、泛菌属Pantoea、欧文氏菌属Erwinia等。闽紫8号、信阳和浙紫5号这3个品种根瘤中含有较高丰度的致病菌大黄欧文氏菌Erwinia rhapontici和菠萝泛菌PA13 Pantoea ananatis PA13。  结论  紫云英品种对根瘤内生细菌的群落结构有一定影响,浙紫5号的根瘤内生细菌主要为具促生作用的非根瘤菌假单胞菌,而其余品种为具固氮能力的根瘤菌,在生产实际中可以采用紫云英混种的方式达到固氮促生的双重功效。
  • 图  1  门水平不同紫云英品种根瘤内生细菌的相对丰度

    MZ7:闽紫7号、MZ8:闽紫8号、GZ:光泽、XY:信阳、XZ:湘紫、YJZ:弋江籽、ZZ5:浙紫5号,下同。

    Figure  1.  Relative abundance of endophytic bacteria in root nodules of different cultivars of A. sinicus on phylum level

    MZ7: Minzi No. 7, MZ8: Minzi No.8, GZ: Guangze; XY: Xinyang, XZ: Xiangzi, YJZ: Yijiangzi, ZZ5: Zhezi No. 5, the same below.

    图  2  目水平不同紫云英品种根瘤内生细菌的相对丰度

    Figure  2.  Relative abundance of endophytic bacteria in root nodules of different cultivars of A. sinicus on order level

    图  3  属水平不同紫云英品种根瘤内生细菌的相对丰度

    Figure  3.  Relative abundance of endophytic bacteria in root nodules of different cultivars of A. sinicus on genus level

    图  4  种水平不同紫云英品种根瘤内生细菌的相对丰度

    Figure  4.  Relative abundance of endophytic bacteria in root nodules of different cultivars of A. sinicus on species level

    图  5  基于OTU水平紫云英根瘤内生细菌群落组成主坐标分析

    Figure  5.  Principal coordinates analysis of endophytic bacteria in root nodules of different cultivars of A. sinicus on OTU level

    表  1  不同紫云英品种根瘤内生细菌的Alpha多样性指数

    Table  1.   Alpha diversity index of endophytic bacteria in root nodules of different cultivars of A. sinicus on genus level

    样本
    Sample
    Ace指数
    Ace index
    Chao1 指数
    Chao1 index
    Shannon指数
    Shannon index
    Simpson指数
    Simpson index
    覆盖度
    Coverage/%
    闽紫7号(MZ7)
    Minzi No. 7 (MZ7)
    26.26 24.25 0.07 0.98 99.98
    闽紫7号(MZ8)
    Minzi No.8 (MZ8)
    104.42 90.11 1.58 0.30 99.93
    光泽(GZ)
    Guangze (GZ)
    25.86 23.67 0.08 0.98 99.98
    信阳(XY)
    Xinyang (XY)
    191.81 191.50 1.73 0.40 99.92
    湘紫(XZ)
    Xiangzi (XZ)
    97.85 68.60 0.14 0.96 99.94
    弋江紫(YJZ)
    Yijiangzi (YJZ)
    23.60 23.00 0.11 0.96 99.98
    浙紫5号(ZZ5)
    Zhezi No.5 (ZZ5)
    72.45 84.50 1.13 0.53 99.95
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2024-03-14
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-07
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-07-10

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