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糯玉米产量、糖度和棒三叶性状的配合力和相关性分析

崔阳 刘俊峰 张垚 宋俏姮 孔亮亮

崔阳,刘俊峰,张垚,等. 糯玉米产量、糖度和棒三叶性状的配合力和相关性分析 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(2):1−6
引用本文: 崔阳,刘俊峰,张垚,等. 糯玉米产量、糖度和棒三叶性状的配合力和相关性分析 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(2):1−6
CUI Y, LIU J F, ZHANG Y, et al. Analysis of combining Ability and Correlation on Yield, Brix and Three-ear-leaves Characters of waxy maize [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(2):1−6
Citation: CUI Y, LIU J F, ZHANG Y, et al. Analysis of combining Ability and Correlation on Yield, Brix and Three-ear-leaves Characters of waxy maize [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(2):1−6

糯玉米产量、糖度和棒三叶性状的配合力和相关性分析

基金项目: 四川省重点研发项目(2021YFYZ0017);国家现代农业产业技术体系四川创新团队优质鲜食玉米品种选育与应用岗位(sccxtd-2023-02);德阳市重点研发项目(2021NZ038);四川省农业科学院前沿学科研究基金(2019QYXK033)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    崔阳(1989 —),男,助理研究员,博士,主要从事玉米遗传育种研究,E-mail:september516@163.com

    通讯作者:

    孔亮亮(1981 —),男,副研究员,主要从事鲜食玉米遗传改良研究,E-mail:kong3141@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S513

Analysis of combining Ability and Correlation on Yield, Brix and Three-ear-leaves Characters of waxy maize

  • 摘要: 摘要   目的  研究糯玉米产量和糖度的遗传规律,分析产量、糖度与棒三叶性状的相关性,为高糖度鲜食糯玉米选育与探究棒三叶性状对品质性状的影响的机制研究提供参考。  方法  本研究以6个自交系为测验种,对15份糯玉米骨干自交系为进行不完全双列杂交(NCII设计),测定杂交组合在采收期(授粉后21 d)果穗产量、籽粒可溶性糖含量(糖度)、棒三叶的叶长、叶宽、叶面积、以及其他10个穗部和植株相关的性状。其中穗重和糖度是主要关注的产量与品质性状,用以评价棒三叶对产量和品质的贡献;其他性状作为参考性状,用以衡量棒三叶对产量与品质的重要性。根据测定的数据分析果穗产量、糖度的一般配合力(GCA)和特殊配合力(SCA),研究棒三叶性状与产量品质性状的关系。  结果  棒三叶性状中叶片长度与果穗产量相关性强;而叶宽与糖度相关性强。果穗产量与糖度呈极显著负相关,因此在育种过程中应优先选择叶片长度适中,叶片宽度较宽的材料可提高高品质糯玉米的选择效率。  结论  棒三叶尤其是穗下叶和穗位叶的长度和宽度可以作为选择糯玉米育种材料的依据。
  • 表  1  双列杂交的自交系

    Table  1.   Inbred lines for diallel crossing

    株系类型
    Type of lines
    株系编号
    ID of lines
    测验种
    Test lines
    TL1,TL2,TL3,TL4,TL5,TL6
    被测种
    Lines under test
    BF2003,BF2010,BF2001,BF2002,BF2006,BF2008,BF2009,BF2012,BF2017,BF2020,BF2022,BF2029,BF2032,BF2041,BF2042
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  调查的性状

    Table  2.   Investigated characters

    性状类型
    Type of traits
    性状
    Traits
    产量性状
    Yield trait
    穗重 Ear weight
    品质性状
    Quality trait
    糖度 Brix
    穗部性状
    Ear traits
    穗长 Ear length,穗粗 Ear diamete,穗行数 Rows per ear,行粒数 Kernel numbers per row,秃尖长 Barren tip lenghth
    农艺性状
    Agronomic trait
    株高 Plant height,穗位高 Ear height,穗位系数 Ear height coefficient,生育期 growth period,穗下叶宽 Lower ear Leaf width,穗下叶长 Lower ear leaf length,穗位叶宽 Ear Leaf width,穗位叶长 Ear leaf length,穗上叶宽 Upper ear Leaf width,穗上叶长 Upper ear leaf length,棒三叶宽 Ears three leaf width,棒三叶长 Ears three leaf length,穗下叶面积 Lower ear leaf area,穗位叶面积 Eear leaf area,穗上叶面积 Upper ear leaf area,棒三叶面积 Ear three leaf area,穗上叶夹角 Upper ear angle
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  方差分析表

    Table  3.   analysis of variance

    变异来源
    Source of
    variation
    穗重
    Ear
    weight
    糖度
    Brix
    生育期
    Growth
    period
    株高
    Plant
    height
    穗位
    Ear
    height
    穗位系数
    Ear height
    coefficient
    穗下叶长
    Lower ear leaf
    length
    穗下叶宽
    Lower ear Leaf
    width
    穗位叶长
    Ear leaf
    length
    穗位叶宽
    Ear Leaf
    width
    穗上叶长
    Upper ear leaf
    length
    穗上叶宽
    Upper ear
    Leaf width
    组合
    Combination
    2.64** 5.86** 10.16** 4.06** 12.34** 7.90** 6.45** 6.03** 8.56** 3.94** 9.41** 5.05**
    P1 1.19 4.84** 1.52 2.92** 2.68** 2.08* 1.60 3.23** 2.18* 2.77** 2.87** 1.99*
    P2 3.80** 8.68** 2.34 5.53** 7.84** 10.63** 1.51 10.47** 2.87* 6.16** 4.28** 8.28**
    p1×p2 2.23** 2.88** 8.78** 2.61** 7.49** 4.62** 5.74** 3.20** 6.63** 2.51** 6.36** 3.23**
    组合
    Combination
    8.78** 5.50** 3.50** 2.81** 2.89** 2.99** 14.78** 26.99** 7.16** 10.47** 4.58** 3.27**
    P1 2.21* 2.82** 1.99* 2.08* 2.05* 2.00* 1.67 1.08 1.76 3.63** 1.19 1.63
    P2 2.80* 8.31** 2.20 1.56 3.91* 1.91 10.85** 20.36** 8.27** 29.92 ** 7.63** 9.63**
    p1×p2 6.79** 3.24** 2.85** 2.34** 2.17** 2.47* 8.91** 12.85** 4.69** 3.44** 3.27** 2.07**
    **表示差异极显著,*表示显著。
    ** means very significant difference, * means significant.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  遗传力分析表

    Table  4.   Heritability analysis table

    配合力方差估计
    Variance estimation of
    combining ability
    穗重
    Ear
    weight
    穗下叶长
    Lower ear
    leaf length
    糖度
    Brix
    穗下叶宽
    Lower ear
    Leaf width
    一般配合力方差
    Variance of GCA
    28.30% 13.96% 63.84% 59.30%
    特殊配合力方差
    Variance of SCA
    71.70% 86.04% 36.16% 40.70%
    广义遗传力
    h2B
    46.06% 73.38% 72.22% 73.03%
    狭义遗传力
    hN
    13.04% 10.25% 46.10% 43.31%
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  一般配合力(节选)

    Table  5.   General Combining ability (Excerpt)

    穗重
    Ear weight
    CGA 糖度
    Brix
    CGA
    1 BF2002 8.5578 1 BF2022 19.8197
    2 TL4 6.7162 2 TL5 13.5624
    3 TL6 3.9301 3 BF2008 13.25
    4 BF2006 3.0874 4 BF2020 9.6581
    5 BF2012 2.8835 5 TL3 8.6495
    6 BF2041 2.272 6 BF2032 7.0346
    7 BF2003 1.6604 7 BF2029 6.3003
    8 BF2001 1.3206 8 BF2017 5.0624
    9 BF2022 0.2333 9 BF2009 3.3535
    10 BF2017 −0.1065 10 BF2012 2.7058
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  糖度排名前十位组合CGA和SGA排名

    Table  7.   Top ten combinations of CGA and SGA in sugar content ranking

    亲本1
    P1
    CGA排名
    CGA ranking
    亲本2
    P2
    CGA排名
    CGA ranking
    穗重
    Ear weight
    SGA SGA排名
    CGA ranking
    TL5 2 BF2017 8 13.6665 26.287 1
    TL5 2 BF2008 3 12.45 5.2003 27
    TL3 5 BF2017 8 12.417 17.951 5
    TL6 11 BF2022 1 12.35 11.9733 12
    TL3 5 BF2022 1 12.25 1.4229 41
    TL3 5 BF2020 4 12.0835 9.819 16
    TL3 5 BF2029 7 12.083 13.1715 11
    TL5 2 BF2006 16 11.8165 19.4399 3
    TL5 2 BF2022 1 11.7835 -8.4366 74
    TL5 2 BF2032 6 11.6165 2.5778 35
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  穗重前十位组合CGA和SGA排名

    Table  6.   Top ten combinations of CGA and SGA by ear weight

    亲本1
    P1
    CGA排名
    CGA ranking
    亲本2
    P2
    CGA排名
    CGA ranking
    穗重
    Ear weight
    SGA SGA排名
    CGA ranking
    TL4 2 BF2009 14 0.311 21.1453 2
    TL2 16 BF2017 10 0.295 22.0423 1
    TL6 3 BF2001 8 0.295 15.0293 3
    TL6 3 BF2002 1 0.2825 2.6955 33
    TL4 2 BF2017 10 0.282 8.3698 14
    TL6 3 BF2010 11 0.279 10.001 10
    TL6 3 BF2029 12 0.279 10.6802 6
    TL4 2 BF2042 13 0.278 7.5543 15
    TL2 16 BF2006 4 0.274 10.2861 8
    TL6 3 BF2012 5 0.273 4.4963 26
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  穗重和糖度与其他性状的相关系数

    Table  8.   Correlation coefficients between yield,quality characters and other characters

    穗重
    Ear weight
    糖度
    Brix
    穗长
    Ear length
    0.478** 生育期
    Growth period
    0.349**
    行粒数
    Kernel numbers per row
    0.451** 穗下叶宽
    Lower ear Leaf width
    0.314**
    穗粗
    Ear diameter
    0.410** 棒三叶宽
    Ears three leaf width
    0.288**
    穗下叶长
    Lower ear leaf length
    0.271** 穗位叶宽
    Ear Leaf width
    0.283**
    棒三叶长
    Ears three leaf length
    0.223** 穗位
    Ear height
    0.271**
    株高
    plant height
    0.219* 穗位系数
    Ear height coefficient
    0.260**
    穗位叶长
    Ear leaf length
    0.212* 株高
    plant height
    0.217*
    穗上叶长
    Upper ear leaf length
    0.181* 穗上叶宽
    Upper ear Leaf width
    0.213*
    穗位叶面积
    Ear leaf area
    0.180* 穗下叶面积
    Lower ear leaf area
    0.180
    棒三叶面积
    Ear three leaf area
    0.180* 穗行数
    Rows per ear
    0.156
    穗下叶面积
    Lower ear leaf area
    0.176* 棒三叶面积
    Ear three leaf area
    0.140
    穗位
    Ear height
    0.121 穗位叶面积
    Ear leaf area
    0.135
    穗位叶宽
    Ear Leaf width
    0.120 穗上叶面积
    Upper ear leaf area
    0.079
    穗上叶面积
    Upper ear leaf area
    0.159 秃尖长
    Barren tip length
    0.072
    棒三叶宽
    Ears three leaf width
    0.116 穗下叶长
    Lower ear leaf length
    0.048
    穗上叶宽
    Upper ear Leaf width
    0.113 穗位叶长
    Ear leaf length
    0.041
    穗下叶宽
    Lower ear Leaf width
    0.097 棒三叶长
    Ears three leaf length
    0.041
    穗位系数
    Ear height coefficient
    0.075 穗上叶夹角
    Upper ear angle
    0.041
    秃尖长
    Barren tip length
    0.062 穗上叶长
    Upper ear leaf length
    0.033
    穗上叶夹角
    Upper ear angle
    0.042 穗粗
    Ear diameter
    −0.025
    生育期
    Growth period
    0.021 穗长
    Ear length
    −0.187*
    穗行数
    Rows per ear
    −0.089 行粒数
    Kernel numbers per row
    −0.229*
    糖度
    Brix
    −0.394** 穗重
    Ear weight
    −0.394**
    **表示极显著相关,*表示显著相关。
    ** means very significant correlation, * means significant correlation.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-21
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-28

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