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辽北地区玉米田适宜耕作模式研究

隋世江 牛世伟 王娜

隋世江,牛世伟,王娜. 辽北地区玉米田适宜耕作模式研究 [J]. 福建农业学报,2023,38(10):1242−1248 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.10.013
引用本文: 隋世江,牛世伟,王娜. 辽北地区玉米田适宜耕作模式研究 [J]. 福建农业学报,2023,38(10):1242−1248 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.10.013
SUI S J, NIU S W, WANG N. Eco-friendly and Efficient Maize Farming for North Liaoning Region [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2023,38(10):1242−1248 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.10.013
Citation: SUI S J, NIU S W, WANG N. Eco-friendly and Efficient Maize Farming for North Liaoning Region [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2023,38(10):1242−1248 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.10.013

辽北地区玉米田适宜耕作模式研究

doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.10.013
基金项目: 辽宁省应用基础研究计划项目(2023JH2/101300136);国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD0800901);公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201303130-02)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    隋世江(1978 —),男,副研究员,主要从事农业资源利用研究, E-mail:my0708@163.com

    通讯作者:

    王娜(1977 —),女,研究员,主要从事农业资源环境研究,E-mail:wnsxh1999@126.com

  • 中图分类号: S513

Eco-friendly and Efficient Maize Farming for North Liaoning Region

  • 摘要:   目的  探究不同耕作模式对玉米产量和土壤物理性状的影响。  方法  通过大田试验研究旋耕15 cm、深松30 cm、粉垄30 cm、粉垄50 cm、粉垄30 cm结合覆膜和粉垄50 cm结合覆膜对玉米不同生育时期不同土层的土壤温度和土壤容重,玉米根数、根长和根体积及玉米产量的影响。  结果  粉垄耕作可提高不同层次土壤温度,尤其粉垄耕作结合覆膜处理显著提高玉米苗期和拔节期地温14.14%~23.75%和14.34%~25.90%。粉垄耕作处理显著降低玉米苗期和拔节期及成熟期25~30 cm、45~50 cm土壤容重1.91%~3.09%、2.91%~5.21%,显著增加玉米拔节期至成熟期玉米根数、根长和根体积13.21%~47.55%、7.14%~38.83%和20.63%~110.04%。粉垄耕作结合覆膜处理显著提高玉米产量11.12%~16.29%,其中粉垄30 cm结合覆膜处理玉米产量最高。  结论  在试验条件下,粉垄耕作结合覆膜处理能有效改善土壤环境,促进玉米根系生长,提高玉米产量,其中粉垄30 cm结合覆膜措施是较适宜的耕作模式。
  • 图  1  耕作模式对不同层次地温的影响

    Figure  1.  Effects of tillage methods on ground temperature at different soil layers

    图  2  耕作模式对不同层次土壤容重的影响

    Figure  2.  Effects of tillage methods on bulk density of soil at different layers

    图  3  耕作模式对玉米根系状况的影响

    Figure  3.  Effects of different tillage patterns on maize root system

    表  1  耕作模式对玉米产量及构成因素的影响

    Table  1.   Effects of different farming patterns on maize yield and yield components

    处理
    Treatment
    秃尖长
    Bare top length/cm
    行粒数
    Kernels per row
    百粒重
    100-grain weight/g
    产量
    Yield/(kg·hm−2)
    T1 0.21±0.01 a 37.50±0.53 c 37.95±1.44 a 9907.85±315.90 c
    T2 0.17±0.01 b 38.20±0.42 b 38.35±2.10a 10369.31±152.10 bc
    T3 0.13±0.01 c 38.40±0.52 ab 38.23±1.88 a 10681.32±571.10 bc
    T4 0.13±0.01 c 38.50±0.53 ab 38.42±3.29 a 10412.24±685.31 bc
    T5 0.10±0.01 d 38.60±0.52 ab 38.68±1.91 a 11522.08±83.00 a
    T6 0.10±0.01 d 38.70±0.48 a 38.67±2.17 a 11009.26±540.85 ab
    同列不同字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。
    The different letters in a column indicate significant differences among treatments at P<0.05 levels.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-06-02
  • 录用日期:  2023-09-26
  • 修回日期:  2023-09-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-10-25
  • 刊出日期:  2023-10-28

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