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地面覆盖反光膜对巨峰葡萄果实着色及品质的影响

刘鑫铭 陈婷 林金辉 雷龑

刘鑫铭,陈婷,林金辉,等. 地面覆盖反光膜对巨峰葡萄果实着色及品质的影响 [J]. 福建农业学报,2023,38(5):559−565 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.05.007
引用本文: 刘鑫铭,陈婷,林金辉,等. 地面覆盖反光膜对巨峰葡萄果实着色及品质的影响 [J]. 福建农业学报,2023,38(5):559−565 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.05.007
LIU X M, CHEN T, LIN J H, et al. Effects of Ground-covering Reflective Film on Coloration and Quality of Kyoho Grapes [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2023,38(5):559−565 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.05.007
Citation: LIU X M, CHEN T, LIN J H, et al. Effects of Ground-covering Reflective Film on Coloration and Quality of Kyoho Grapes [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2023,38(5):559−565 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.05.007

地面覆盖反光膜对巨峰葡萄果实着色及品质的影响

doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.05.007
基金项目: 福建省自然科学基金项目(2022J01475);福建省科技计划公益类专项(2020R10280013);“十四五”福建省种业创新与产业化工程项目(zycxny2021010);福建省农业高质量发展超越“5511”协同创新工程项目(XTCXGC2021006);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-29)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘鑫铭(1986−),女,硕士,助理研究员,研究方向:果树育种与栽培技术(E-mail:liuxinming204@163.com

    通讯作者:

    雷龑(1979−),男,博士,副研究员,研究方向:果树育种与栽培技术(E-mail:lxmy2010@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S663.1

Effects of Ground-covering Reflective Film on Coloration and Quality of Kyoho Grapes

  • 摘要:   目的  研究避雨栽培条件下葡萄园地面覆盖反光膜(银白色镀铝塑料膜)对巨峰葡萄果实色泽及品质的综合影响。  方法  在福建省建瓯市小松镇,以3年生避雨栽培巨峰葡萄为试材,于果实转色初期行间地面覆盖反光膜,比较覆膜对果实成熟过程中果穗上下部果粒着色、花色苷含量、果粒纵横经、果形指数、可溶性固形物含量、糖组分及总酸含量等的影响。  结果  地面覆盖反光膜有利于巨峰葡萄提早转色,促进果穗上下部着色一致,果皮花色苷含量显著提高;覆膜后果穗不同部位的果粒硬度值提升67.30%以上,单粒质量提升26.79%以上;果粒呈椭圆形或长圆形,可以良好体现巨峰葡萄粒形性状;覆膜后巨峰葡萄的总糖和糖组分含量较对照有不同程度提升且果穗下部糖含量提升明显;处理较对照组可溶性固形物含量略有提升但差异不显著。  结论  避雨栽培巨峰葡果实成熟前30 d行间铺设反光膜可有效促进果穗下部果粒转色,果实着色均匀一致,果皮花色苷含量提升,果实品质稳定,可在生产中进一步推广应用。
  • 图  1  反光膜覆盖对巨峰葡萄花色苷含量的影响

    WT1:对照上部;T1:处理上部;WT2:对照下部 T2:处理下部;同列数据后不同大小写字母分别表示同一采样时间不同处理间差异达极显著水平(P<0.01)和显著水平(P<0.05)。图24同。

    Figure  1.  Effect of film application on anthocyanin content of Kyoho grapes

    WT1: Upper part of a cluster on vines of control group; T1: upper part of a cluster on treatment vines; WT2 : lower part of a cluster on vines of control group; T2:lower part of a cluster on treatment vines.Data with different uppercase and owercase letters on same column indicate extremely significant differences (P< 0.01) and significant level (P<0.05) at the same sampling time. Same for Figs. 2-4.

    图  2  反光膜覆盖对巨峰葡萄总酚含量的影响

    Figure  2.  Effect of film application on phenols content of Kyoho grapes

    图  3  反光膜覆盖对巨峰葡萄单宁含量的影响

    Figure  3.  Effect of film application on tannin content of Kyoho grapes, mg·g−1

    图  4  反光膜覆盖对巨峰葡萄果粒硬度的影响

    Figure  4.  Effect of film application on firmness of Kyoho grapes

    表  1  反光膜覆盖对巨峰葡萄花后98 d果皮着色的影响

    Table  1.   Effect of film application on skin color of Kyoho grapes (98 d after flowering)

    处理 TreatmentLabCHa/b
    T128.75±0.85Bc4.27±1.32Bb−1.21±0.75Cc4.96±1.28Bb345.13±1.37Aa−3.53±0.88Cc
    T228.89±1.02Bc4.75±0.95Aa−1.33±0.83Dd6.37±1.65Aa338.49±1.51Aa−3.57±0.65Cc
    WT129.78±0.74Aa3.40±1.54Cc−1.15±1.12Bb3.67±1.43Cc331.52±2.64Bb−2.96±2.31Bb
    WT229.60±1.10Ab2.74±1.46Dd−1.08±0.97Aa3.16±1.77Dd315.24±3.21Cc−2.54±2.74Aa
    表格中横向第一行的数据L(黑白)、a(红绿)、b(黄蓝)、C(饱和值)、H(色调角)、a/b(综合色相)分别代表果实色差的不同指标值,表格内数据为巨峰葡萄最后一次采样的测定数据。同列数据后不同大小写字母分别表示同一采样时间不同处理间差异达极显著水平(P<0.01)和显著水平(P<0.05)。表2~3同。
    Data of L (black and white), a (red and green), b (yellow and blue), c (saturation value), H (hue angle), and a/b (comprehensive hue) shown on first horizontal line represent chromatic values on color difference of fruit. Data are from final sampling on grapes; those with different uppercase and lowercase letters on same columnindicate extremely significant differences (p<0.01) and significant level (p<0.05) .Same for Table2-3.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  反光膜覆盖对巨峰葡萄花后98 d果粒质量等的影响

    Table  2.   Effect of film application on individual fruit weight of Kyoho grapes (98 d after flowering)

    处理
    Treatment
    果粒纵径
    Longitudinal diameter/mm
    果粒横径
    Cross diameter/mm
    果形指数
    Fruit-type index
    果粒质量
    Sing fruit weight /g
    T127.28ABb25.15Bb1.085Aa
    10.30ABb
    T226.51Bb24.79Bb1.070Ab9.93Bbc
    WT127.60Aa26.05Aa1.060Ab10.73Aa
    WT226.67ABb25.26Bb1.056Ab9.94Bc
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  地面覆膜对巨峰葡萄花后98 d果实糖酸含量的影响

    Table  3.   Effect of film application on sugar and acid contents of Kyoho grapes (98 d after flowering)

    处理
    Treatment
    葡萄糖含量
    Glucose content/(mg·g-1)
    果糖含量
    Fructose content/(mg·g-1)
    蔗糖含量
    Sucrose content/(mg·g-1)
    可溶性固形物含量
    Soluble solids content/%
    总酸
    Total acid/%
    固酸比Solid-acid
    ratio
    T172.49Aa51.63Aa1.79Aa19.37ABa0.17Bb116.69Aa
    T268.88ABab49.37Bbc1.82Aa19.46Aa0.18Aa109.33Bb
    WT168.09BCb50.48ABab1.69Bb18.77ABab0.19Aa98.27Cc
    WT265.47Cc48.69Bc1.55Cc17.33Bb0.18Aa95.22Dd
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-31
  • 修回日期:  2023-04-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-05-24
  • 刊出日期:  2023-05-28

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