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硒和丛枝菌根真菌(AMF)处理对苋菜生长效应、光合生理和硒积累的影响

陆云梅 黄仁华 刘鸿宇

陆云梅,黄仁华,刘鸿宇. 硒和丛枝菌根真菌(AMF)处理对苋菜生长效应、光合生理和硒积累的影响 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(5):1−8
引用本文: 陆云梅,黄仁华,刘鸿宇. 硒和丛枝菌根真菌(AMF)处理对苋菜生长效应、光合生理和硒积累的影响 [J]. 福建农业学报,2024,39(5):1−8
LU Y M, HUANG R H, LIU H Y. Effects of Selenium and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Applications on Growth, Photosynthesis, and Selenium Accumulation of Amaranthus tricolor L. [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(5):1−8
Citation: LU Y M, HUANG R H, LIU H Y. Effects of Selenium and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Applications on Growth, Photosynthesis, and Selenium Accumulation of Amaranthus tricolor L. [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2024,39(5):1−8

硒和丛枝菌根真菌(AMF)处理对苋菜生长效应、光合生理和硒积累的影响

基金项目: 荆门市重点科技计划项目(2023YFZD014);四川省科技计划重点研发项目(2020YFS0344)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陆云梅(1979 — ),女,讲师,主要从事土壤微生物资源挖掘与利用研究,E-mail:59736201@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    黄仁华(1979 — ),男,教授,主要从事植物富硒栽培研究,E-mail:hrh510@21cn.com

  • 中图分类号: S636.4

Effects of Selenium and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Applications on Growth, Photosynthesis, and Selenium Accumulation of Amaranthus tricolor L.

  • 摘要:   目的  探明丛枝菌根真菌(AMF)在苋菜富硒栽培中的生物效应,综合评价AMF对不同硒形态处理下苋菜生长和硒积累的影响。  方法  采用盆栽试验,分析了土施外源硒和接种AMF对苋菜光合作用、生长状况、苋菜红素以及硒积累的影响。  结果  硒酸钠、亚硒酸钠和L-硒代半胱氨酸处理均降低了苋菜红素含量,但对菌根侵染率和菌根依赖性均无显著影响,同时显著提高了苋菜叶片叶绿素a、b含量、蒸腾速率(Tr)、气孔导度(Gs)、净光合速率(Pn)和胞间CO2浓度(Ci),其中L-硒代半胱氨酸处理效果最佳,说明外源硒处理对苋菜的生长有一定的正效应。另外,接种AMF对不同硒处理下苋菜的生长也有促进作用,且提高了叶片苋菜红素含量,同时增强了光合能力和根茎叶硒含量的积累。  结论  接种AMF和外源硒处理均能提高苋菜的光合能力和硒积累能力,从而促进苋菜生长和提高苋菜营养品质,通过两者交互处理可作为提高蔬菜富硒栽培的有效措施。
  • 图  1  不同硒处理对苋菜的菌根侵染率的影响

    ①不同小写字母表示P < 0.05水平差异显著;②N-0为土壤中未接种AMF且硒浓度为0 mg·kg−1、F-0.5为土壤中接种AMF且硒浓度为0.5 mg·kg−1、F-2.5为土壤中接种AMF且硒浓度为2.5 mg·kg−1图2同。

    Figure  1.  Effect of selenium treatments on mycorrhizal infection rate of amaranth

    ①Data with different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P<0.05; ②N-0: soil without AMF and selenium applications; F-0.5: soil inoculated with AMF and added selenium at concentration of 0.5 mg·kg-1; F-2.5: soil inoculated with AMF and added selenium at concentration of 2.5 mg·kg-1. Same for Fig. 2.

    图  2  不同硒处理对苋菜的菌根依赖性(b)的影响

    Figure  2.  Effect of selenium treatments on mycorrhizal dependence of amaranth

    图  3  接种 AMF 和硒处理对苋菜叶绿素 a 含量的影响

    ①不同的小写字母表示相同硒处理下未接种AMF和接种AMF之间的显著差异,P < 0.05;不同的大写字母表示相同AMF接种下不同形态硒处理之间的显著差异,P < 0.05;②N-0为土壤中未接种AMF且硒浓度为0 mg·kg−1、F-0为土壤中接种AMF且硒浓度为0 mg·kg−1、N-0.5为土壤中未接种AMF且硒浓度为0.5 mg·kg−1、F-0.5为土壤中接种AMF且硒浓度为0.5 mg·kg−1、N-2.5为土壤中未接种AMF且硒浓度为2.5 mg·kg−1、F-2.5为土壤中接种AMF且硒浓度为2.5 mg·kg−1。下同。

    Figure  3.  Effect of AMF and selenium applications on chlorophyll a content in amaranth

    ①Data with different lowercase letters indicate significant differences between treatments with and without inoculated AMF under same selenium treatment at P<0.05;those with different capital letters indicate significant differences between different selenium treatments under same AMF treatment at P<0.05;②N-0: soil without AMF and selenium applications; F-0: soil inoculated with AMF but no selenium addition; N-0.5: soil without AMF inoculation but was added with selenium at concentration of 0.5 mg·kg−1; F-0.5: soil inoculated with AMF and added selenium at concentration of 0.5 mg·kg−1; N-2.5: soil without AMF inoculation but was added with selenium at concentration of 2.5 mg·kg−1; F-2.5: soil inoculated with AMF and added selenium at concentration of 2.5 mg·kg−1. Same for below.

    图  4  接种 AMF 和硒处理对苋菜叶绿素 b 含量的影响

    Figure  4.  The effect of AMF inoculation and selenium treatments on chlorophyll b content in amaranth

    图  6  接种 AMF 和硒处理对苋菜根(a)茎(b)叶(c)总硒和叶片有机硒(d)含量的影响

    Figure  6.  Effects of AMF and selenium applications on total selenium in roots (a), stems (b), and leaves (c) and organic selenium in leaves (d) of amaranth

    表  1  接种AMF对不同硒处理苋菜生物量及生长指标的影响

    Table  1.   Effects of AMF inoculation on biomass and growth indicators of amaranth under different selenium treatments

    硒处理
    Selenium addition/
    (mg·kg−1
    株高
    Plant height/
    cm
    茎粗
    Stem diameter/
    mm
    总生物量
    Total biomass/
    (g·pot−1
    叶干重
    Leaf dry weight/
    (g·pot−1
    茎干重
    Stem dry weight
    (g·pot−1
    地下部干重
    Subterranean
    part dry weight
    (g·pot−1
    Non-AMF AMF Non-AMF AMF Non-AMF AMF Non-AMF AMF Non-AMF AMF Non-AMF AMF
    CK 14.49±0.08dB 17.97±0.97dA 4.76±0.29dB 5.70±0.20cA 1.89±0.05dB 2.35±0.02dA 0.67±0.03cB 0.86±0.03eA 0.41±0.04cB 0.55±0.07cA 0.81±0.03cB 0.94±0.06cA
    亚硒
    酸钠
    Selenite
    0.5 16.26±1.11cdB 19.17±1.19cdA 5.24±0.26cdB 6.14±0.49cA 2.11±0.07cB 2.61±0.03cA 0.78±0.10cB 0.99±0.05eA 0.46±0.04cB 0.62±0.04cA 0.87±0.08cA 1.01±0.09bcA
    2.5 17.12±1.34cB 20.21±1.35cA 5.30±0.28cB 6.23±0.33cA 2.53±0.06bB 3.12±0.06bA 1.03±0.05bB 1.36±0.07cA 0.51±0.06cB 0.65±0.06cA 0.99±0.08bA 1.11±0.04bA
    硒酸钠
    Selenate
    0.5 15.00±0.85cdB 18.74±0.82cdA 5.16±0.05cdB 5.81±0.16cA 1.70±0.08dB 2.1±0.01eA 0.71±0.05cB 0.92±0.10eA 0.44±0.08cB 0.58±0.04cA 0.56±0.04dA 0.60±0.07eA
    2.5 23.32±0.73aB 25.25±0.82aA 7.11±0.12aB 7.89±0.25aA 2.63±0.02bB 3.34±0.27bA 1.09±0.09bB 1.52±0.10bA 0.86±0.06aB 1.07±0.11aA 0.68±0.07dA 0.76±0.06dA
    有机硒
    Organic
    selenium
    0.5 17.14±1.42cB 20.01±0.30cA 5.27±0.40cdB 6.06±0.44cA 2.23±0.21cB 2.84±0.07cA 0.82±0.12cB 1.14±0.10dA 0.50±0.02cB 0.65±0.00cA 0.92±0.07bcB 1.05±0.03bcA
    2.5 20.03±1.16bB 22.68±0.98bA 6.27±0.17bB 7.01±0.04bA 3.12±0.03aB 3.83±0.12aA 1.32±0.04aB 1.75±0.07aA 0.66±0.06bB 0.83±0.06bA 1.14±0.03aB 1.24±0.03aA
    小写字母表示相同AMF接种下同一列不同形态硒处理间的显著差异,P < 0.05;大写字母表示相同硒处理下同一行Non-AMF和AMF之间的显著差异,P < 0.05,下同。
    Data with lowercase letters on same column indicate significant differences between different selenium treatments with same AMF inoculation at P<0.05; those with different uppercase letters on same row indicate significant differences between treatments with and without inoculated AMF under same selenium treatment at P<0.05. Same for below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  接种AMF和不同硒处理对苋菜光合指标的影响

    Table  2.   Effect of AMF inoculation on photosynthetic indexes of amaranth under different selenium treatments

    硒处理
    Selenium addition/ (mg·kg−1)
    蒸腾速率
    Tr/
    (mmol·m−2·s−1
    气孔导度
    Gs/
    (mmol·m−2·s−1
    净光合速率
    Pn/
    (µmol·m−2·s−1
    胞间CO2浓度
    Ci/ppm
    Non-AMF AMF Non-AMF AMF Non-AMF AMF Non-AMF AMF
    CK 0.79±0.03fB 1.08±0.10eA 17.84±0.42dB 29.15±1.48eA 2.25±0.04dB 4.53±0.12dA 114.2±1.74fB 144.6±0.10fA
    亚硒酸钠
    Selenite
    0.5 1.19±0.14eB 1.97±0.19dA 33.67±1.06bcB 55.74±3.35abA 3.94±0.53cB 5.63±0.10cA 161.4±2.02eB 199.6±0.95eA
    2.5 1.72±0.03aB 2.59±0.05abA 38.94±1.14aB 57.91±1.10aA 6.63±0.72bB 9.33±0.38abA 202.1±1.32bB 226.7±1.25dA
    硒酸钠
    Selenate
    0.5 1.35±0.05dB 2.29±0.01cA 31.36±1.87cB 45.20±1.35dA 3.62±0.25cB 5.26±0.24cA 169.1±3.24dB 225.8±1.19dA
    2.5 1.61±0.04bB 2.32±0.03cA 34.61±0.62bB 56.96±0.37abA 8.50±0.01aB 9.42±0.43abA 201.5±2.75bB 249.5±3.93cA
    有机硒
    Organic selenium
    0.5 1.48±0.01cB 2.44±0.24bcA 33.81±1.08bB 54.49±0.15bA 6.99±0.64bB 9.08±0.40bA 189.8±1.21cB 269.7±3.58bA
    2.5 1.68±0.03abB 2.80±0.03aA 37.71±0.96aB 50.26±1.32cA 8.37±0.48aB 9.85±0.24aA 237.4±2.66aB 306.0±5.34aA
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-12-30
  • 录用日期:  2024-05-20
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-06-26

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