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咖啡废弃物覆盖对咖啡光合特性与碳水利用效率的影响

张昂 董云萍 林兴军 赵青云 孙燕 龙宇宙 钟壹鸣 谭军

张昂,董云萍,林兴军,等. 咖啡废弃物覆盖对咖啡光合特性与碳水利用效率的影响 [J]. 福建农业学报,2022,37(X):1−9
引用本文: 张昂,董云萍,林兴军,等. 咖啡废弃物覆盖对咖啡光合特性与碳水利用效率的影响 [J]. 福建农业学报,2022,37(X):1−9
ZHANG A, DONG Y P, LIN X J, et al. Effects of coffee waste mulching on photosynthesis and water use efficiency of coffee seedlings [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2022,37(X):1−9
Citation: ZHANG A, DONG Y P, LIN X J, et al. Effects of coffee waste mulching on photosynthesis and water use efficiency of coffee seedlings [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2022,37(X):1−9

咖啡废弃物覆盖对咖啡光合特性与碳水利用效率的影响

基金项目: 海南省自然科学基金青年基金项目(321QN327);国家自然科学基金项目(31901469)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张昂(1991−),男,博士,助理研究员,研究方向:作物高效栽培研究(E-mail:angzhang_henu@163.com

    通讯作者:

    谭军(1985−),男,博士,助理研究员,研究方向:栽培和连作障碍研究。E-mail: 649766283@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: S 344.9

Effects of coffee waste mulching on photosynthesis and water use efficiency of coffee seedlings

  • 摘要:   目的  探究不同咖啡枯落物与果皮等废弃物覆盖对咖啡幼苗生长与光合的影响,为咖啡废弃物资源化利用和咖啡生产过程节本增效提供论基础。  方法  以1年生咖啡幼苗为试验材料,采用随机区组设计,设置对照(C)、咖啡枯落物覆盖(L)、果皮覆盖(P)以及枯落物与果皮混合覆盖(LP)4个盆栽试验处理,探究不同覆盖措施对咖啡叶片光合特性与碳水利用效率的影响。  结果  咖啡枯落物覆盖显著提高咖啡比叶面积45.46%,却不影响土壤微环境以及植株叶片光合速率等指标;咖啡果皮覆盖显著降低咖啡株高12.11%,并且通过降低土壤温度以及提高土壤速效钾含量显著提升咖啡叶片净光合速率78.33%、呼吸速率109.34%、总光合速率91.72%、净水分利用效率80.54%以及总水分利用效率104.95%,但是咖啡果皮覆盖对咖啡叶片气孔导度、蒸腾速率、碳利用效率等光合指标的影响较小;不同咖啡废弃物覆盖下的咖啡叶片光合能力综合评价为P>LP>L>C。  结论  咖啡果皮单独覆盖下咖啡幼苗的生长以及其光合能力高于其他处理。咖啡果皮废弃物覆盖有助于促进咖啡植株健康生长以及咖啡生产环节的节本增效。
  • 图  1  不同覆盖模式对咖啡植株生理指标的影响

    Figure  1.  Effects of different mulching patterns on physiological indexes of coffee plants

    图  2  不同覆盖模式对咖啡光合指标的影响

    Figure  2.  Effects of different mulching patterns on photosynthetic indexes of coffee plants

    图  3  咖啡光合生理指标与环境及性状因子的冗余分析(RDA)

    Figure  3.  Redundant analysis (RDA) of coffee photosynthetic indexes, microclimate and coffee physiological indexes

    图  4  不同咖啡废弃物覆盖下咖啡光合指标与环境因子和植株性状相关性分析

    注:图中“^”表示P < 0.1, “*”表示P < 0.05, “**”表示P < 0.01。

    Figure  4.  Correlation analysis of coffee photosynthetic indexes, microclimate and plant traits indexes under different mulching patterns

    Note: “^” represent P < 0.1, “*” represent P < 0.05, “**” represent P < 0.01.

    表  1  不同覆盖模式对土壤微环境及理化性质的影响

    Table  1.   The effect of different mulching patterns on soil microclimate, physical and chemical properties

    种植方式含水量
    SM/%
    温度
    ST/℃
    酸碱度
    pH
    容重
    SBD/N m−3
    有机质
    SOM/g kg−1
    速效钾
    SAK/mg kg−1
    速效磷
    SOP/mg kg−1
    碱解氮
    SAN/mg kg−1
    C8.20±0.8627.55±0.065.65±0.321.59±0.0821.99±1.5636.28±5.6629.64±6.9086.72±1041
    L8.33±0.8827.33±0.055.57±0.301.61±0.1022.10±2.7746.42±4.7827.74±4.8190.84±13.97
    P7.26±0.6227.28±0.075.55±0.181.57±0.0921.33±3.3633.01±7.8628.09±8.5091.70±17.45
    P×L8.53±1.2327.18±0.075.76±0.231.60±0.0921.28±2.8454.93±10.1033.48±9.7690.15±13.32
    注:表中数据为平均值±标准误。
    Note: The data is mean ± standard errors.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同覆盖模式对土壤微环境及理化性质的双因素方差分析结果(F值)

    Table  2.   Results of two-way ANOVA on s microclimate, physical and chemical properties under different mulching patterns (F value)

    种植方式含水量
    SM/%
    温度
    ST/℃
    酸碱度
    pH
    容重
    SBD/N m−3
    有机质
    SOM/g kg−1
    速效钾
    SAK/mg kg−1
    速效磷
    SOP/mg kg−1
    碱解氮SAN/mg kg−1
    P0.1610.40**0.070.080.000.130.050.01
    L0.586.66*0.020.050.074.70*0.070.02
    P×L0.380.820.310.000.000.640.220.04
    注:表中“*”表示P<0.05, “**”表示P<0.01。
    Note: “*” represent P<0.05, “**” represent P<0.01.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  环境与性状对咖啡光合生理指标的贡献及其显著性

    Table  3.   The contributions and significances of environmental variables to soil microbial community compositions

    环境与咖啡性状
    Environment and coffee properties
    贡献率%
    Contribution rate%
    FP
    土壤温度/ST 16 4.2 0.01
    速效钾含量/SAK 7.3 1.7 0.06
    叶绿素相对含量/SPAD 6.7 1.6 0.09
    株高/Height 6.0 1.4 0.11
    土壤湿度/SM 4.5 1.0 0.37
    酸碱度/pH 3.6 0.8 0.45
    有机质含量/SOM 2.2 0.5 0.6
    比叶面积/SLA 2.4 0.5 0.62
    叶面积指数/LAI 1.6 0.3 0.75
    容重/SBD 1.1 0.3 0.84
    碱解氮含量/SAN 1.0 0.2 0.87
    速效磷含量/SOP 0.5 0.1 0.92
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  咖啡废弃物覆盖对咖啡光合生理指标影响综合评价

    Table  4.   Comprehensive evaluation of effects coffee waste cover on coffee photosynthetic indexes

    处理 Treatment株高 Height叶面积指数 LAI比叶面积 SLA叶绿素含量 SPAD气孔导度 Gs蒸腾速率 Tr净光合速率 Pn呼吸速率 R
    C0.590.000.071.000.000.000.000.00
    L0.001.000.000.111.001.000.770.10
    P1.000.240.560.320.900.631.001.00
    LP0.260.131.000.000.190.110.880.68
    处理
    Treatment
    总光合速率
    Pg
    碳利用效率
    CUE
    净水分利用效率
    WUEn
    总水分利用效率
    WUEg
    隶属度平均值
    Average membership
    排名
    Ranking
    C0.000.000.000.000.144
    L0.491.000.620.250.533
    P1.000.571.000.850.761
    LP0.800.620.951.000.552
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-27
  • 修回日期:  2022-03-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-24

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