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杂交稻强再生力鉴定指标的建立及组合筛选

林强 姜照伟 林祁 王颖姮 张初长 卓传营 谢鸿光 蒋家焕 谢华安 张建福

林强, 姜照伟, 林祁, 王颖姮, 张初长, 卓传营, 谢鸿光, 蒋家焕, 谢华安, 张建福. 杂交稻强再生力鉴定指标的建立及组合筛选[J]. 福建农业学报, 2019, 34(8): 873-882. doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2019.08.002
引用本文: 林强, 姜照伟, 林祁, 王颖姮, 张初长, 卓传营, 谢鸿光, 蒋家焕, 谢华安, 张建福. 杂交稻强再生力鉴定指标的建立及组合筛选[J]. 福建农业学报, 2019, 34(8): 873-882. doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2019.08.002
LIN Qiang, JIANG Zhao-wei, LIN Qi, WANG Ying-heng, ZHANG Chu-zhang, ZHUO Chuan-yin, XIE Hong-guang, JIANG Jia-huang, XIE Hua-an, ZHANG Jian-fu. Indexing and Recommended Combinations of Rice Varieties for New Breeds with Strong Ratooning Ability[J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2019, 34(8): 873-882. doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2019.08.002
Citation: LIN Qiang, JIANG Zhao-wei, LIN Qi, WANG Ying-heng, ZHANG Chu-zhang, ZHUO Chuan-yin, XIE Hong-guang, JIANG Jia-huang, XIE Hua-an, ZHANG Jian-fu. Indexing and Recommended Combinations of Rice Varieties for New Breeds with Strong Ratooning Ability[J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2019, 34(8): 873-882. doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2019.08.002

杂交稻强再生力鉴定指标的建立及组合筛选

doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2019.08.002
基金项目: 

福建省科技计划项目——省属公益类科研院所基本科研专项 2016R1020-4

国家重点研发计划项目 2016YFD0300508

福建省自然科学基金项目 2016J01136

详细信息
    作者简介:

    林强(1977—), 男, 博士, 副研究员, 主要从事水稻遗传育种研究(E-mail:625460569@qq.com)

    姜照伟(1973—), 男, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事水稻栽培生理研究(E-mail:260762925@qq.com)

    通讯作者:

    谢华安(1941—), 男, 研究员, 主要从事杂交水稻育种研究(E-mail:huaanxie@163.com)

    张建福(1971—), 男, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事水稻分子育种研究(E-mail:jianfzhang@163.com)

  • 中图分类号: S511

Indexing and Recommended Combinations of Rice Varieties for New Breeds with Strong Ratooning Ability

  • 摘要:   目的  解析生产上杂交稻品种的再生力鉴定指标,以期筛选出头季稻产量高、再生力强的组合,为再生稻新组合的选育和研究提供基础。  方法  试验于2015-2017年在福建省三明市尤溪县,以23个杂交稻组合为材料,其中3个为再生稻发展不同阶段的代表性品种,统一采用高产栽培方式,利用相关、回归与通径分析,研究性状指标与再生稻产量及构成因素的关系,进而确定再生力筛选指标,并进行新组合再生力的比较和筛选。  结果  头季稻产量与穗粒数的相关系数为0.83,达极显著水平,穗粒数对产量的贡献率达54.61%,因而头季高产的品种特征为重穗,以穗粒数的优势形成巨大的库容量;再生季产量与有效穗数的相关系数为0.70,达显著水平,有效穗数对产量的贡献率达38.98%,显示再生季的库容量来源于多穗。头季稻的有效穗数、有效穗数与母茎数比率,均与再生稻产量极显著相关,系数分别为-0.86和0.82,经回归分析获得再生稻产量预测模型,其预测准确率分别为70.6%~99.6%和76.5%~99.5%。  结论  再生季产量是衡量再生力强弱的直接依据,而头季有效穗数、有效穗数与母茎数比率是强再生力品种的重要筛选指标。经鉴定和筛选,内6优7206、川优7185、川优7206、荃优7028为再生稻优良组合。
  • 表  1  2006-2018年福建省尤溪县再生稻“百亩示范片”产量

    Table  1.   Production of ratooning rice in 2006-2018 demonstrative planting at Youxi county, Fujian

    年份
    Years
    品种
    Varieties
    面积
    Area/hm2
    平均产量Average yield/(kg·hm-2)
    头季
    Main crop
    再生季
    Ratooning rice
    合计
    Total
    2006 Ⅱ优航2号Ⅱ Youhang No.2 7.30 12300.0 7093.5 19393.5
    2007 Ⅱ优航2号Ⅱ Youhang No.2 7.30 13153.5 7576.5 20730.0
    2008 Ⅱ优航2号Ⅱ Youhang No.2 6.90 12969.0 7867.5 20836.5
    2009 Ⅱ优623 Ⅱ You 673 13.70 13303.5 6973.5 20277.0
    2010 天优673 Tian You 673 10.21 10443.0 8442.0 18885.0
    2011 Ⅱ优673 Ⅱ You 673 9.00 12018.0 6262.5 18280.5
    2012 Ⅱ优673 Ⅱ You 673 6.87 12013.5 7296.0 19309.5
    2013 谷优2173 Guyou 2173 8.54 12757.5 7009.5 19767.0
    2014 广两优676 Guangliangyou 676 6.87 11658.0 6567.0 18225.0
    2015 广两优676 Guangliangyou 676 8.63 12166.5 6118.5 18285.0
    2016 广两优676 Guangliangyou 676 14.14 12298.5 6324.0 18622.5
    2017 谷优676 Guyou 676 13.51 12550.5 6831.0 19381.5
    2018 谷优676 Guyou 676 9.07 12612.0 7066.5 19678.5
    平均Average 9.39 12326.4 7032.9 19359.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  再生稻高产品种产量构成的比较

    Table  2.   Yield factors of selected ratooning rice varieties

    季别
    Rice season
    品种
    Varieties
    产量
    Yield/ (kg·hm-2)
    有效穗数
    Effextive panicle
    穗粒数
    Spikelets per panicle
    结实率
    Seed setting rate/%
    千粒重
    1 000-grain weight/g
    有效穗数与母茎数比率
    Ratio of effective panicle to mnumber of mother stem/%
    头季
    Main crop
    V1 8361.5a 295.3a 143.8b 85.3a 28.4ab
    V2 9059.1a 253.8ab 168.6ab 86.7a 29.1a
    V3 9039.9a 242.3b 182.1a 84.0a 26.8b
    再生季
    Ratooning rice
    V1 3477.5b 329.8b 58.2b 85.1a 23.5a 111.6b
    V2 4586.1a 455.6a 63.0b 86.1a 25.7a 180.0a
    V3 4374.5a 336.2b 76.9a 86.2a 24.5a 139.9b
    注:同列数据后无相同字母者表示差异达5%显著水平。表 6~7同。
    Note: Data followed by different letters indicate significant difference at 5% level. The same as Table 6-7.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  再生稻产量构成因素对产量的作用

    Table  3.   Contribution rates of yield factors to production of ratooning rice

    季别
    Rice season
    产量性状
    Yield components
    相关系数Correlation coefficient 通径系数Path coefficient 贡献率
    Contribution rate/%
    穗粒数 千粒重 结实率 产量 有效穗数 穗粒数 千粒重 结实率
    头季
    Main crop
    有效穗数 -0.6300 -0.0800 0.1900 -0.3500 0.4033 -1.0087 0.0466 0.2045 -23.03
    穗粒数 -0.0600 -0.5200 0.8300** -0.2548 1.5963 0.0315 -0.5456 54.61
    千粒重 0.8200** 0.1700 -0.0329 -0.0881 -0.5705 0.8570 11.18
    结实率 -0.1700 0.0786 -0.8301 -0.4659 1.0493 -11.18
    再生季
    Ratooning rice
    有效穗数 -0.2700 0.0900 0.6400* 0.7000* 0.9417 -0.1574 0.0223 -0.1096 38.98
    穗粒数 -0.0300 0.0500 0.3000 -0.2589 0.5725 -0.0073 -0.0079 16.69
    千粒重 0.4800 0.2300 0.0882 -0.0175 0.2377 -0.0831 12.60
    结实率 0.5700 0.5990 0.0263 0.1146 -0.1723 31.74
    注:穗粒数Spikelets per panicle,千粒重1 000-grain weight,结实率Seed setting rate,产量Yield,有效穗数Effextive panicle。*、**分别表示差异达5%和1%显著水平。下同。头季: R2=0.9069,Pe=0.3051;再生季: R2=0.7924,Pe=0.4556。
    Note:* and ** indicate significant differences at 5% and 1% level, respectively. Same for following tables. For 1st-season crop, R2=0.9069, Pe=0.3051; and, for ratooning season crop, R2=0.7924, Pe=0.4556.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  再生稻产量及其构成因素对目标因素的贡献率分析

    Table  4.   Contribution rates of ratooning rice production and yield factors to target yield factors

    构成因素
    Form factors
    目标因素
    Objective
    相关系数Correlation coefficient 直接通径系数Directly path coefficient 贡献率Contribution rate/%
    头季
    Main crop
    再生季
    Ratooning rice
    头季
    Main crop
    再生季
    Ratooning rice
    头季
    Main crop
    再生季
    Ratooning rice
    有效穗数Effextive panicle 颖花量Spikelets 0.0539 0.7208* 0.5397 0.9185 32.76 56.08
    穗粒数Spikelets per panicle 0.8712** 0.4667 1.1079 0.7193 67.24 43.92
    颖花量Spikelets 库容量Storage capacity 0.9821** 0.9787** 0.9401 0.8090 83.04 75.38
    千粒重1 000-grain weight 0.3977 0.7837** 0.1920 0.2643 16.96 24.62
    库容量Storage capacity 产量Yield 0.9971** 0.9911** 0.9608 0.9707 92.00 87.98
    结实率Seed setting rate 0.5017 0.2815 0.0835 0.1326 8.00 12.02
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  头季稻产量构成因素、有效穗数、母茎数比率与再生季产量的相关系数

    Table  5.   Correlation coefficients between yield factors and effective panicle/stem number ratio of 1st-season crop and ratooning season production

    相关系数
    Correlation coefficient
    穗粒数
    Spikelets per panicle
    千粒重
    1 000-grain weight
    结实率
    Seed setting rate
    有效穗数与母茎数比率
    Ratio of effective panicle to mnumber of mother stem
    产量
    Yield
    有效穗数Effextive panicle -0.63 -0.08 0.21 -0.66* -0.86**
    穗粒数Spikelets per panicle -0.06 -0.53 0.35 0.55
    千粒重1 000-grain weight 0.81** 0.48 0.25
    结实率Seed setting rate 0.37 0.06
    有效穗数与母茎数比率Ratio of effective panicle to mnumber of mother stem 0.82**
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  再生稻新组合头季产量构成及比较

    Table  6.   Yield factors in 1st-season production of ratooning rice bred with new combinations

    品种
    Varieties
    产量
    Yield/(kg·hm-1)
    有效穗数
    Effextive panicle
    穗粒数
    Spikelets per panicle
    结实率
    Seed setting rate/%
    千粒重
    1 000-grain weight/g
    V3(CK) 9039.9 ab 242.3def 182.1b 84.0abc 26.8hi
    V4 8045.7 def 265.0bcde 135.7hijk 83.0bc 31.4ab
    V5 9150.8 a 240.1ef 144.7fghij 85.4abc 31.9a
    V6 9126.8 a 257.3bcde 160.0cdef 85.1abc 30.0cd
    V7 7660.7 ef 300.3a 225.8a 86.0abc 26.6hi
    V8 8906.0 abc 278.1ab 158.3cdef 86.5abc 24.9j
    V9 8358.4 bcde 273.5abc 127.0k 81.2c 26.9hi
    V10 8210.7 cdef 270.2bcd 129.0jk 90.8a 26.6hi
    V11 9014.5 ab 245.6cdef 145.4fghi 85.2abc 27.2gh
    V12 7884.2 ef 241.8def 148.8efgh 86.0abc 29.7cde
    V13 7686.4 ef 253.1bcdef 150.6defgh 85.2abc 26.5hi
    V14 9070.3 ab 240.7ef 154.8cdefg 86.3abc 28.3fg
    V15 8791.1 abcd 255.7bcde 164.3cde 86.4abc 30.4bc
    V16 9394.5 a 250.5bcdef 170.5bc 86.2abc 29.0def
    V17 9070.7 ab 248.5cdef 166.0bcd 87.2abc 27.8fgh
    V18 7678.0 ef 255.7bcde 151.2defgh 86.3abc 30.7abc
    V19 7669.5 ef 263.5bcde 154.1defg 89.0ab 30.5bc
    V20 7527.9 fg 252.0bcdef 162.8cde 83.3bc 27.8fgh
    V21 7502.0 fg 260.4bcde 130.4ijk 86.3abc 27.7fgh
    V22 6786.7 g 226.0f 139.5ghijk 82.0bc 28.6ef
    V23 8812.0 abc 252.4bcdef 151.3defgh 87.7abc 25.8ij
    FF value 7.9630** 2.4860** 14.2200** 0.7150 16.9790**
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  再生稻新组合再生季产量构成及比较

    Table  7.   Yield factors in ratooning season production of ratooning rice bred with new combinations

    品种
    Varieties
    产量
    Yield/(kg·hm-1)
    有效穗数
    Effextive panicle
    穗粒数
    Spikelets per panicle
    结实率
    Seed setting rate/%
    千粒重
    1 000-grain weight/g
    V3(CK) 4374.5ab 336.2cde 76.9ab 86.2abc 24.5ghi
    V4 3617.2cd 315.2ef 60.8cdefghi 80.6cde 27.9bcd
    V5 4426.0a 354.4bcde 73.0abcd 81.7bcde 30.0a
    V6 3958.9abcd 373.3abcd 71.1abcdef 81.9abcde 26.9cdef
    V7 2727.4e 275.7f 74.5abc 77.3e 23.5ij
    V8 3816.2abcd 340.6cde 68.9bcdefg 83.2abcde 22.4j
    V9 3452.5d 336.6cde 55.3ghi 83.6abcde 24.6ghi
    V10 3627.6cd 391.4abc 52.8hi 86.1abc 24.6ghi
    V11 3761.0abcd 321.8def 72.1abcde 83.9abcde 24.6ghi
    V12 4356.3ab 420.0a 49.7i 88.7ab 28.0bcd
    V13 3384.6de 325.8def 57.8fghi 82.5abcde 27.6cde
    V14 4234.6abc 405.6ab 59.2efghi 86.2abc 26.7cdef
    V15 4327.3ab 376.9abcd 67.0bcdefg 88.7ab 29.6ab
    V16 4425.4a 355.5bcde 83.9a 85.9abcd 27.5cde
    V17 4386.1ab 337.9cde 71.4abcdef 84.6abcde 26.4defg
    V18 3371.3de 314.6ef 66.6bcdefgh 88.9ab 28.3abc
    V19 3526.6d 336.4cde 56.3ghi 84.0abcde 27.2cdef
    V20 3488.8d 353.8bcde 59.4defghi 83.3abcde 25.5fgh
    V21 3745.2bcd 334.8cde 61.0cdefghi 78.4de 24.2hij
    V22 3989.2abcd 338.6cde 74.0abc 78.0e 27.8bcd
    V23 3994.3abcd 340.7cde 67.6bcdefg 89.3a 25.8efgh
    FF value 3.6630** 2.6190** 3.3660** 1.7810 8.9170**
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  21个参试组合按主作性状对再生力的准确率

    Table  8.   Accuracies in predicting ratooning abilities of 21 experimental hybrids based on main yield factors

    品种
    Varieties
    实际产量
    Observed yield/(kg·hm-2)
    模拟产量Simulated yield/(kg·hm-2) 预测精度Accuracy/%
    有效穗数预测值 有效穗数与母茎数比率预测值 有效穗数 有效穗数与母茎数比率
    V3(CK) 4374.5 4508.8 4069.7 96.9 93.0
    V4 3617.2 4126.5 3774.0 85.9 95.7
    V5 4426.0 4546.3 4202.6 97.3 95.0
    V6 3958.9 4256.4 4165.2 92.5 94.8
    V7 2727.4 3529.0 3367.8 70.6 76.5
    V8 3816.2 3903.7 3826.5 97.7 99.7
    V9 3452.5 3981.3 3835.1 84.7 88.9
    V10 3627.6 4037.9 4161.6 88.7 85.3
    V11 3761.0 4453.8 3954.8 81.6 94.8
    V12 4356.3 4518.6 4593.7 96.3 94.6
    V13 3384.6 4326.4 3919.9 72.2 84.2
    V14 4234.6 4536.4 4515.5 92.9 93.4
    V15 4327.3 4282.1 4199.4 99.0 97.0
    V16 4425.4 4370.6 4117.4 98.8 93.0
    V17 4386.1 4403.9 4028.1 99.6 91.8
    V18 3371.3 4282.4 3834.5 73.0 86.3
    V19 3526.6 4151.0 3904.2 82.3 89.3
    V20 3488.8 4345.8 4094.9 75.4 82.6
    V21 3745.2 4204.3 3918.2 87.7 95.4
    V22 3989.2 4784.8 4235.4 80.1 93.8
    V23 3994.3 4338.8 4014.1 91.4 99.5
    注:有效穗数预测值Predictive value of effective panicle,有效穗数与母茎数比率预测值Predictive value of ratio of effective panicle to mnumber of mother stem,有效穗数Effective panicle,有效穗数与母茎数比率Ratio of effective panicle to mnumber of mother stem。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-06-18
  • 修回日期:  2019-07-16
  • 刊出日期:  2019-08-01

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