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双孢蘑菇9个杂交菌株的蛋白质营养评价与分析

郭仲杰 郑惠清 蔡志欣 卢园萍 曾志恒 廖剑华 陈美元

郭仲杰,郑惠清,蔡志欣,等. 双孢蘑菇9个杂交菌株的蛋白质营养评价与分析 [J]. 福建农业学报,2023,38(11):1285−1292 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.11.004
引用本文: 郭仲杰,郑惠清,蔡志欣,等. 双孢蘑菇9个杂交菌株的蛋白质营养评价与分析 [J]. 福建农业学报,2023,38(11):1285−1292 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.11.004
GUO Z J, ZHENG H Q, CAI Z X, et al. Protein Nutritional Value of Nine Agaricus bisporus Hybrids [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2023,38(11):1285−1292 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.11.004
Citation: GUO Z J, ZHENG H Q, CAI Z X, et al. Protein Nutritional Value of Nine Agaricus bisporus Hybrids [J]. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,2023,38(11):1285−1292 doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.11.004

双孢蘑菇9个杂交菌株的蛋白质营养评价与分析

doi: 10.19303/j.issn.1008-0384.2023.11.004
基金项目: 福建省科技计划公益类专项(2021R1035006、2022R1035006);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-20);福建省种业创新与产业化工程项目(zycxny2021011)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    郭仲杰(1974 —),男,硕士,主要从事食用菌育种研究,E-mail:550410857@qq.com

    郑惠清(1993 —),女,硕士,主要从事食用菌育种研究,E-mail:1132055710@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    陈美元(1972 —),男,博士,教授级高级工程师,主要从事食用菌遗传育种研究,E-mail: 401061326@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: S646.11

Protein Nutritional Value of Nine Agaricus bisporus Hybrids

  • 摘要:   目的  分析评价双孢蘑菇野生种质创新杂交菌株的蛋白质和氨基酸营养成分,为利用野生种质选育营养价值更高的双孢蘑菇新菌株提供参考。  方法  以3个主栽品种为对照,测定分析了6个杂交新菌株的蛋白质与氨基酸含量,并参照WHO(World Health Organization,世界卫生组织)/FAO(Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,联合国粮食及农业组织)/UNU(United Nations University,联合国大学)、IOM(Institute of Medicine,美国医学研究所)、全鸡蛋蛋白3种氨基酸平衡模式谱,采用IOM模式评分、氨基酸评分、氨基酸比值系数、氨基酸比值系数分、化学评分等多种指标进行综合评价。  结果  野生种质创新杂交白色菌株福蘑63每百克蛋白质的必需氨基酸含量46.76 g、必需氨基酸指数94.45、必需氨基酸比例41.72%、消化率校正氨基酸得分86.73,在9个菌株中都是最高的。而野生种质创新杂交棕色菌株的蛋白质、总氨基酸、必需氨基酸、药用氨基酸、甜味氨基酸、碱性氨基酸、支链氨基酸以及多种氨基酸的含量均显著高于主栽品种。  结论  现有双孢蘑菇白色主栽品种的蛋白质、氨基酸等营养成分仍有提升的空间,可以引入营养价值相对较高的野生种质资源,基于营养成分评价开展营养品质定向杂交育种。
  • 表  1  样品信息

    Table  1.   Relevant information on specimens

    菌株编号
    Code
    菌株名称
    Name
    亲本
    Parents
    1As279602×8213
    2W19202×As2796
    3A15U1(Somycel9.2×Somycel53)
    4福蘑48 Fumo 48As2796×A15
    5福蘑52 Fumo 52W192×A15
    6福蘑63 Fumo 63(ARP159×AGQG841)×(02×As2796)
    7福蘑B07 Fumo B07Ag781314×As2796
    8福蘑B08 Fumo B08ARP088×As2796
    9福蘑B15 Fumo B15(ARP159×AGQL8133)×As2796
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  9份双孢蘑菇蛋白质营养成分

    Table  2.   Nutritional compositions on proteins of 9 A. bisporus strains

    营养成分
    Nutrient content
    含量 Content/%
    1**23456789
    蛋白质 Protein36.7033.5032.1035.9035.1035.5037.9046.3040.00
    天冬氨酸 Asp2.582.382.172.412.512.622.493.302.74
    苏氨酸 Thr*1.331.221.171.331.311.421.371.601.61
    丝氨酸 Ser1.271.221.151.241.281.381.321.581.52
    谷氨酸 Glu6.154.805.306.395.764.296.187.386.20
    甘氨酸 Gly1.341.261.171.341.351.391.291.601.54
    丙氨酸 Ala2.652.532.432.512.412.532.493.222.91
    缬氨酸 Val*1.451.311.251.441.441.521.481.741.75
    甲硫氨酸 Met*2.792.342.612.882.802.682.942.773.00
    异亮氨酸 Ile*1.201.101.061.201.231.261.201.441.37
    亮氨酸 Leu*1.911.731.651.881.921.961.852.112.11
    酪氨酸 Tyr0.790.800.670.740.740.810.790.860.91
    苯丙氨酸 Phe *1.171.071.031.161.181.261.181.341.38
    赖氨酸 Lys *1.461.371.021.441.481.561.511.781.86
    组氨酸 His0.560.530.490.550.570.600.580.620.70
    精氨酸 Arg1.381.361.201.341.451.451.371.571.48
    脯氨酸 Pro1.221.581.491.171.331.221.052.871.21
    氨基酸总量 TAA29.2526.6025.8629.0228.7627.9529.0935.7832.29
    必需氨基酸总量 EAA11.3110.149.7911.3311.3611.6611.5312.7813.08
    非必需氨基酸总量 NEAA17.9416.4616.0717.6917.4016.2917.5623.0019.21
    EAA/TAA/%38.6738.1237.8639.0439.5041.7239.6435.7240.51
    EAA/NEAA/%63.0461.6060.9264.0565.2971.5865.6655.5768.09
    药用氨基酸总量 MAA19.5717.1116.8219.5819.1918.0219.6022.7121.22
    MAA/TAA /%66.9164.3265.0467.4766.7264.4767.3863.4765.72
    鲜味氨基酸总量 Total tasty amino acid8.737.187.478.808.276.918.6710.688.94
    甜味氨基酸总量 Total sweet amino acid6.596.235.926.426.356.726.478.007.58
    支链氨基酸总量 Total branched chain amino acid4.564.143.964.524.594.744.535.295.23
    碱性氨基酸总量 Total basic amino acid3.403.262.713.333.503.613.463.974.04
    *为必需氨基酸,表3同。**1~9为菌株编号,表4~8同。
    *: Essential amino acid,The same as the Table 3. **:1-9 are strain codes, The same as the Table4-8.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  9份双孢蘑菇氨基酸含量统计参数

    Table  3.   Statistical parameters on AAs of 9 A. bisporus strains

    氨基酸
    Amino acid
    平均值
    Mean/%
    变幅
    Range/%
    变异系数
    CV/%
    Asp2.58±0.302.17~3.3011.53
    Thr*1.37±0.141.17~1.6110.36
    Ser1.33±0.131.15~1.5810.03
    Glu5.83±0.874.29~7.3814.91
    Gly1.36±0.131.17~1.609.23
    Ala2.63±0.252.41~3.229.56
    Val*1.49±0.161.25~1.7510.70
    Met*2.76±0.192.34~3.006.76
    Ile*1.23±0.111.06~1.449.12
    Leu*1.90±0.141.65~2.117.57
    Tyr0.79±0.070.67~0.918.35
    Phe*1.20±0.111.03~1.389.01
    Lys*1.50±0.231.02~1.8615.17
    His0.58±0.060.49~0.709.71
    Arg1.40±0.101.20~1.577.01
    Pro1.46±0.521.05~2.8735.74
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  9份双孢蘑菇蛋白质的必需氨基酸含量

    Table  4.   Essential AA contents in proteins of 9 A. bisporus strains                (单位:%)

    编号
    Code
    HisThrLysLeuIleMetPhe+TyrVal合计
    Total
    11.914.554.996.534.109.546.704.9643.28
    21.994.595.156.504.148.807.034.9243.12
    31.894.523.946.384.1010.096.574.8342.34
    41.904.584.966.484.149.926.554.9643.49
    51.984.555.156.684.289.746.685.0144.05
    62.155.085.587.014.519.597.415.4446.76
    71.994.715.196.364.1310.116.775.0944.35
    81.734.474.975.904.027.746.154.8639.85
    92.174.995.766.534.249.297.095.4245.49
    A1.502.304.505.903.002.203.803.9027.10
    B1.802.705.105.502.502.504.703.2028.00
    C2.204.707.008.605.405.709.306.6049.50
    A为WHO/FAO/UNU于2007提出的氨基酸平衡模式谱;B为IOM于2005提出的氨基酸平衡模式谱;C为全鸡蛋蛋白模式谱。
    A: Spectrum of balanced AA of WHO/FAO/UNU model, 2007; B: 2005 IOM model; C: spectrum of egg white protein.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  9份双孢蘑菇蛋白质的IOM模式评分

    Table  5.   IOM scores on 9 A. bisporus strains

    编号 CodeHisThrLysLeuIleMetPhe+TyrVal
    1106.11168.5297.84118.73164.00381.60142.55155.00
    2110.56170.00100.98118.18165.60352.00149.57153.75
    3105.00167.4177.25116.00164.00403.60139.79150.94
    4105.56169.6397.25117.82165.60396.80139.36155.00
    5110.00168.52100.98121.45171.20389.60142.13156.56
    6119.44188.15109.41127.45180.40383.60157.66170.00
    7110.56174.44101.76115.64165.20404.40144.04159.06
    896.11165.5697.45107.27160.80309.60130.85151.88
    9120.56184.81112.94118.73169.60371.60150.85169.38
    平均值 Mean109.32173.0099.54117.92167.38376.98144.09157.95
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  双孢蘑菇蛋白质的氨基酸评分

    Table  6.   AA scores on protein of A. bisporus

    CodeHisThrLysLeuIleMetPhe+TyrValPDCAAS
    1127.33197.83110.89110.68136.67433.64176.32127.18 80.80
    2132.67199.57114.44110.17138.00400.00185.00126.1580.42
    3126.00196.5287.56108.14136.67458.64172.89123.8563.92
    4126.67199.13110.22109.83138.00450.91172.37127.1880.18
    5132.00197.83114.44113.22142.67442.73175.79128.4682.65
    6143.33220.87124.00118.81150.33435.91195.00139.4986.73
    7132.67204.78115.33107.80137.67459.55178.16130.5178.69
    8115.33194.35110.44100.00134.00351.82161.84124.6273.00
    9144.67216.96128.00110.68141.33422.27186.58138.9780.80
    平均值
    Mean
    131.19203.09112.81109.92139.48428.38178.22129.6078.58
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  9份双孢蘑菇蛋白质的氨基酸比值系数和氨基酸比值系数分

    Table  7.   AA ratio coefficients of 9 A. bisporus strains

    项目 Item必需氨基酸 EAA123456789平均值 Mean
    氨基酸比值系数RCHis0.720.750.720.710.730.750.720.710.780.73
    Thr1.111.131.121.111.091.161.121.201.171.13
    Lys0.620.650.500.620.630.650.630.680.690.63
    Leu0.620.630.610.610.630.620.590.620.600.61
    Ile0.770.780.780.770.790.790.750.830.760.78
    Met2.442.272.612.522.452.282.512.172.272.39
    Phe+Tyr0.991.050.980.960.971.020.971.001.000.99
    Val0.710.720.700.710.710.730.710.770.750.72
    比值系数分SRC43.2548.8936.6340.4243.2348.5840.5952.2249.0944.77
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  9份双孢蘑菇蛋白质的化学评分

    Table  8.   Chemical scores on 9 A. bisporus strains

    必需氨基酸 EAA化学评分 (CS)
    123456789
    His86.8290.4585.9186.3690.0097.7390.4578.6498.64
    Thr96.8197.6696.1797.4596.81108.09100.2195.11106.17
    Lys71.2973.5756.2970.8673.5779.7174.1471.0082.29
    Leu75.9375.5874.1975.3577.6781.5173.9568.6075.93
    Ile75.9376.6775.9376.6779.2683.5276.4874.4478.52
    Met167.37154.39177.02174.04170.88168.25177.37135.79162.98
    Phe+Tyr72.0475.5970.6570.4371.8379.6872.8066.1376.24
    Val75.1574.5573.1875.1575.9182.4277.1273.6482.12
    EAAI86.4986.9883.6586.6388.2494.4588.5680.6792.24
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  9  不同双孢蘑菇菌株蛋白质营养成分含量比较

    Table  9.   Nutritional compositions of different strains of A. bisporus              (单位:%)

    营养成分
    Nutrient content
    主栽品种均值
    Main cultivar
    mean
    杂交白色
    菌株均值
    White strain
    mean
    杂交棕色
    菌株均值
    Brown strain mean
    蛋白质 Protein34.10±1.93 a35.50±4.61 a41.40±3.57 b
    Asp2.38±0.172.51±8.612.84±0.34
    Thr*1.24±0.07 a1.35±5.61 ab1.53±0.11 b
    Ser1.21±0.05 a1.30±4.61 ab1.47±0.11 b
    Glu5.42±0.565.48±5.616.59±0.56
    Gly1.26±0.07 a1.36±4.61 ab1.48±0.13 b
    Ala2.54±0.092.48±8.612.87±0.30
    Val*1.34±0.08 a1.47±6.61 ab1.66±0.12 b
    Met*2.58±0.18 a2.79±9.61 ab2.90±0.10 b
    Ile*1.12±0.06 a1.23±3.61 ab1.34±0.10 b
    Leu*1.76±0.11 a1.92±0.61 ab2.02±0.12 b
    Tyr0.75±0.060.76±8.610.85±0.05
    Phe*1.09±0.06 a1.20±3.61 ab1.30±0.09 b
    Lys*1.28±0.19 a1.49±7.61 ab1.72±0.15 b
    His0.53±0.03 a0.57±6.61 ab0.63±0.05 b
    Arg1.31±0.081.41±4.611.47±0.08
    Pro1.43±0.151.24±7.611.71±0.82
    TAA27.24±1.46 a28.58±3.61 ab32.39±2.73 b
    EAA10.41±0.65 a11.45±4.61 ab12.46±0.67 b
    NEAA16.82±0.8117.13±9.6119.92±2.28
    MAA17.83±1.23 a18.93±1.61 ab21.18±1.27 b
    EAA/TAA /%)38.22±0.3440.09±6.6138.62±2.08
    EAA/NEAA /%)61.85±0.8866.97±1.6163.11±5.42
    MAA/TAA /%)65.42±1.0966.22±5.6165.52±1.60
    鲜味氨基酸总量
    Total tasty amino acid
    7.79±0.677.99±4.619.43±0.89
    甜味氨基酸总量
    Total sweet amino acid
    6.25±0.27 a6.50±3.61 ab7.35±0.65 b
    支链氨基酸总量
    Total branched chain
    amino acid
    4.22±0.25 a4.62±0.61 ab5.02±0.34 b
    碱性氨基酸总量
    Total basic amino acid
    3.12±0.30 a3.48±8.61 ab3.82±0.26 b
    不同小写字母表示不同菌种类别之间差异显著(P<0.05)。
    a and b indicate significant differences at P<0.05.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-03
  • 修回日期:  2023-08-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-11-20
  • 刊出日期:  2023-11-28

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